Organ
Organ Or"gan, n. [L. organum, Gr. ?; akin to ? work, and E. work: cf. F. organe. See {Work}, and cf. {Orgue}, {Orgy}.] [1913 Webster] 1. An instrument or medium by which some important action is performed, or an important end accomplished; as, legislatures, courts, armies, taxgatherers, etc., are organs of government. [1913 Webster]

2. (Biol.) A natural part or structure in an animal or a plant, capable of performing some special action (termed its function), which is essential to the life or well-being of the whole; as, the heart, lungs, etc., are organs of animals; the root, stem, foliage, etc., are organs of plants. [1913 Webster]

Note: In animals the organs are generally made up of several tissues, one of which usually predominates, and determines the principal function of the organ. Groups of organs constitute a system. See {System}. [1913 Webster]

3. A component part performing an essential office in the working of any complex machine; as, the cylinder, valves, crank, etc., are organs of the steam engine. [1913 Webster]

4. A medium of communication between one person or body and another; as, the secretary of state is the organ of communication between the government and a foreign power; a newspaper is the organ of its editor, or of a party, sect, etc. A newsletter distributed within an organization is often called its {house organ}. [1913 Webster +PJC]

5. [Cf. AS. organ, fr. L. organum.] (Mus.) A wind instrument containing numerous pipes of various dimensions and kinds, which are filled with wind from a bellows, and played upon by means of keys similar to those of a piano, and sometimes by foot keys or pedals; -- formerly used in the plural, each pipe being considered an organ. [1913 Webster]

The deep, majestic, solemn organs blow. --Pope. [1913 Webster]

Note: Chaucer used the form orgon as a plural. [1913 Webster]

The merry orgon . . . that in the church goon [go]. [1913 Webster]

{Barrel organ}, {Choir organ}, {Great organ}, etc. See under {Barrel}, {Choir}, etc.

{Cabinet organ} (Mus.), an organ of small size, as for a chapel or for domestic use; a reed organ.

{Organ bird} (Zo["o]l.), a Tasmanian crow shrike ({Gymnorhina organicum}). It utters discordant notes like those of a hand organ out of tune.

{Organ fish} (Zo["o]l.), the drumfish.

{Organ gun}. (Mil.) Same as {Orgue} (b) .

{Organ harmonium} (Mus.), an harmonium of large capacity and power.

{Organ of Corti} (Anat.), a complicated structure in the cochlea of the ear, including the auditory hair cells, the rods or fibers of Corti, the membrane of Corti, etc. See Note under {Ear}.

{Organ pipe}. See {Pipe}, n., 1.

{Organ-pipe coral}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Tubipora}.

{Organ point} (Mus.), a passage in which the tonic or dominant is sustained continuously by one part, while the other parts move. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Organ — • A musical instrument which consists of one or several sets of pipes, each pipe giving only one tone, and which is blown and played by mechanical means. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Organ     Organ …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Organ — may refer to the following: Contents 1 Biology and medicine 2 Music 3 Organizations and government 4 Media Biology …   Wikipedia

  • Organ — (von altgriechisch: ὄργανον organon = „Werkzeug“) ist: in der Biologie ein Körperteil bzw. eine Funktionseinheit aus verschiedenen Geweben, siehe Organ (Biologie) ein japanischer Horrorfilm, siehe Organ (Film) in der Rechtswissenschaft die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Organ — Organ: Das seit dem 18. Jh. belegte Fremdwort, das jedoch schon im 16.–18. Jh. in den nicht eingedeutschten Formen »Organum«, »Organon« (Plural »Organa«) auftritt, ist aus lat. organum »Werkzeug; Musikinstrument, Orgel« entlehnt, das seinerseits… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • organ — or‧gan [ˈɔːgən ǁ ˈɔːr ] noun [countable] formal 1. a magazine or newspaper which presents the ideas and opinions of a political party or other organization: • These newspapers were essentially house organs for political factions. • a copy of the… …   Financial and business terms

  • Organ — Sn std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. organum Werkzeug, Instrument , dieses aus gr. órganon, einer ablautenden Bildung zu gr. érgon (Energie). Die heutigen Bedeutungen gehen im wesentlichen von der Grundbedeutung eines Elements mit… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • organ — [ôr′gən] n. [ME organe < OE organa & OFr organe, both < L organum, tool, implement (in LL(Ec), a church organ) < Gr organon, an implement, engine < ergon,WORK] 1. a) a large wind instrument consisting of various sets of pipes which,… …   English World dictionary

  • organ — òrgān m <G orgána> DEFINICIJA 1. anat. a. dio organizma s funkcijom po kojoj se ob. imenuju [dišni organi; govorni organi] b. ljudski glas, ukupnost odlika u snazi, boji itd. [lijep organ; snažan organ] c. razg. muški spolni organ 2. a.… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • organ — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. organnie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} część organizmu o określonej budowie i funkcji oraz o określonym położeniu względem innych części; narząd : {{/stl 7}}{{stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Organ — País …   Wikipedia Español

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