Olive
Olive Ol"ive, n. [F., fr. L. oliva, akin to Gr. ?. See {Oil}.] 1. (Bot.) (a) A tree ({Olea Europ[ae]a}) with small oblong or elliptical leaves, axillary clusters of flowers, and oval, one-seeded drupes. The tree has been cultivated for its fruit for thousands of years, and its branches are the emblems of peace. The wood is yellowish brown and beautifully variegated. (b) The fruit of the olive. It has been much improved by cultivation, and is used for making pickles. Olive oil is pressed from its flesh. [1913 Webster]

2. (Zo["o]l.) (a) Any shell of the genus {Oliva} and allied genera; -- so called from the form. See {Oliva}. (b) The oyster catcher. [Prov. Eng.] [1913 Webster]

3. (a) The color of the olive, a peculiar dark brownish, yellowish, or tawny green. (b) One of the tertiary colors, composed of violet and green mixed in equal strength and proportion. [1913 Webster]

4. (Anat.) An olivary body. See under {Olivary}. [1913 Webster]

5. (Cookery) A small slice of meat seasoned, rolled up, and cooked; as, olives of beef or veal. [1913 Webster]

Note: Olive is sometimes used adjectively and in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, olive brown, olive green, olive-colored, olive-skinned, olive crown, olive garden, olive tree, olive yard, etc. [1913 Webster]

{Bohemian olive} (Bot.), a species of {El[ae]agnus} ({El[ae]agnus angustifolia}), the flowers of which are sometimes used in Southern Europe as a remedy for fevers.

{Olive branch}. (a) A branch of the olive tree, considered an emblem of peace. (b) (Fig.): A child.

{to hold out an olive branch}, to offer to make peace (with a rival or enemy).

{Olive brown}, brown with a tinge of green.

{Olive green}, a dark brownish green, like the color of the olive.

{Olive oil}, an oil expressed from the ripe fruit of the olive, and much used as a salad oil, also in medicine and the arts.

{Olive ore} (Min.), olivenite.

{Wild olive} (Bot.), a name given to the oleaster or wild stock of the olive; also variously to several trees more or less resembling the olive. [1913 Webster +PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • olive — [ ɔliv ] n. f. • 1260; « olivier » 1080; provenç. oliva, lat. oliva 1 ♦ Fruit de l olivier, drupe globuleuse et oblongue, de couleur verdâtre puis noirâtre à maturité, à peau lisse, dont on extrait de l huile. Huile d olive. Olives vertes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • OLIVE — (Heb. זַיִת), the Olea europaea tree and its fruit. The wild olive grows in the groves of Upper Galilee and Carmel. It is a prickly shrub producing small fruits. There are many varieties of cultivated olives, some being suitable for oil, and some …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Olive — bezeichnet: die Frucht des Echten Ölbaums, siehe Olivenbaum davon abgeleitet die Farbe Oliv ein Kerngebiet im Myelencephalon, siehe Nucleus olivaris das Ohrstück des Stethoskops ein Schlauchanschlussstück im Laborbereich, siehe Schlauchkupplung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • olive — OLIVE. s. f. Espece de fruit à noyau dont on tire de l huile. Olive meure. olive verte. olive de Luques. olive de Provence. olive d Espagne. olive de Veronne. olives charnuës. les olives en meurissant deviennent noires, commencent à noircir.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Olive — grove and Olive tree redirect here. For other uses, see Olive grove (disambiguation) and Olive tree (disambiguation). This article is about the tree and the fruit. For other uses, see Olive (disambiguation). For olive oil, see Olive oil. Olive… …   Wikipedia

  • olive — (n.) c.1200, olive tree, from O.Fr. olive, from L. oliva olive, olive tree, from Gk. elaia olive tree, olive, probably from the same Aegean language (perhaps Cretan) as Armenian ewi oil. Applied to the fruit or berry of the tree in English from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • olive — [äl′iv] n. [OFr < L oliva < Gr elaia] 1. a) an evergreen tree (Olea europaea) of the olive family, native to S Europe and the Near East, with leathery leaves, yellow flowers, and an edible fruit b) the small, oval fruit of this tree, eaten… …   English World dictionary

  • Olive — Sf erw. exot. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. olīva (auch: Ölbaum, Olivenbaum , verwandt mit l. oleum n. Öl ), dieses aus gr. elāā, elaíā. Adjektiv: oliv (Farbbezeichnung).    Ebenso nndl. olijf, ne. olive, nfrz. olive, nschw. oliv, nisl.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Olive — Olive: Der seit dem Anfang des 16. Jh.s bezeugte Name für die Früchte des Ölbaumes (beachte schon mhd. olīve »Ölbaum«), aus denen das Olivenöl gewonnen wird, ist aus lat. oliva »Ölbaum; Olive« entlehnt, das seinerseits aus gleichbed. griech.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • olive — ► NOUN 1) a small oval fruit with a hard stone and bitter flesh, green when unripe and bluish black when ripe. 2) the small evergreen tree which yields this fruit. 3) (also olive green) a greyish green colour like that of an unripe olive. 4) a… …   English terms dictionary

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