Oil of turpentine
Turpentine Tur"pen*tine, n. [F. t['e]r['e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}), a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine, larch, and fir. [1913 Webster]

Note: There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian turpentine is produced in small quantities by the turpentine tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}). Venice, Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from {Larix Europ[ae]a}. It is a clear, colorless balsam, having a tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or Canada balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see under {Balsam}). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties are derived from {Pinus Cembra} and {Pinus Mugho}. Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from the long-leaved pine ({Pinus palustris}). Strasburg turpentine is from the silver fir ({Abies pectinata}). [1913 Webster]

{Oil of turpentine} (Chem.), a colorless oily hydrocarbon, {C10H16}, of a pleasant aromatic odor, obtained by the distillation of crude turpentine. It is used in making varnishes, in medicine, etc. It is the type of the terpenes and is related to cymene. Called also {terebenthene}, {terpene}, etc.

{Turpentine moth} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small tortricid moths whose larv[ae] eat the tender shoots of pine and fir trees, causing an exudation of pitch or resin.

{Turpentine tree} (Bot.), the terebinth tree, the original source of turpentine. See {Turpentine}, above. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • oil of turpentine — n TURPENTINE (2a) …   Medical dictionary

  • oil of turpentine — n. TURPENTINE (sense 3) …   English World dictionary

  • oil of turpentine — oil′ of tur′pentine n. turpentine 2) • Etymology: 1590–1600 …   From formal English to slang

  • oil of turpentine — noun volatile liquid distilled from turpentine oleoresin; used as paint thinner and solvent and medicinally • Syn: ↑turpentine, ↑spirit of turpentine, ↑turps • Hypernyms: ↑essential oil, ↑volatile oil • Substance Meronyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • oil of turpentine — a colorless, flammable, volatile essential oil having a penetrating odor and a pungent, bitter taste, obtained from turpentine oleoresin by distillation: used in paints and varnishes, and in medicine as a carminative, vermifuge, expectorant,… …   Universalium

  • oil of turpentine — noun a colourless, flammable, volatile oil, a distillate of turpentine, having a penetrating smell and a pungent bitterish taste, which is used in paints, varnishes, and the like, and formerly in medicine as a stimulant, rubefacient, etc …   Australian English dictionary

  • oil of turpentine — noun turpentine …   Wiktionary

  • Oil of spike — Spike Spike, n. [Cf. G. spieke, L. spica an ear of grain. See {Spikenard}.] (Bot.) Spike lavender. See {Lavender}. [1913 Webster] {Oil of spike} (Chem.), a colorless or yellowish aromatic oil extracted from the European broad leaved lavender, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oil of birch — Birch Birch (b[ e]rch), n.; pl. {Birches} ( [e^]z). [OE. birche, birk, AS. birce, beorc; akin to Icel. bj[ o]rk, Sw. bj[ o]rk, Dan. birk, D. berk, OHG. piricha, MHG. birche, birke, G. birke, Russ. bereza, Pol. brzoza, Serv. breza, Skr. bh[=u]rja …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spirit of turpentine — noun volatile liquid distilled from turpentine oleoresin; used as paint thinner and solvent and medicinally • Syn: ↑turpentine, ↑oil of turpentine, ↑turps • Hypernyms: ↑essential oil, ↑volatile oil • Substance Meronyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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