oil of bitter almonds
Essential Es*sen"tial ([e^]s*s[e^]n"sjal), a. [Cf. F. essentiel. See {Essence}.] 1. Belonging to the essence, or that which makes an object, or class of objects, what it is. [1913 Webster]

Majestic as the voice sometimes became, there was forever in it an essential character of plaintiveness. --Hawthorne. [1913 Webster]

2. Hence, really existing; existent. [1913 Webster]

Is it true, that thou art but a name, And no essential thing? --Webster (1623). [1913 Webster]

3. Important in the highest degree; indispensable to the attainment of an object; indispensably necessary. [1913 Webster]

Judgment's more essential to a general Than courage. --Denham. [1913 Webster]

How to live? -- that is the essential question for us. --H. Spencer. [1913 Webster]

4. Containing the essence or characteristic portion of a substance, as of a plant; highly rectified; pure; hence, unmixed; as, an essential oil. ``Mine own essential horror.'' --Ford. [1913 Webster]

5. (Mus.) Necessary; indispensable; -- said of those tones which constitute a chord, in distinction from ornamental or passing tones. [1913 Webster]

6. (Med.) Idiopathic; independent of other diseases. [1913 Webster]

{Essential character} (Biol.), the prominent characteristics which serve to distinguish one genus, species, etc., from another.

{Essential disease}, {Essential fever} (Med.), one that is not dependent on another.

{Essential oils} (Chem.), a class of volatile oils, extracted from plants, fruits, or flowers, having each its characteristic odor, and hot burning taste. They are used in essences, perfumery, etc., and include many varieties of compounds; as {lemon oil} is a terpene, {oil of bitter almonds} an aldehyde, {oil of wintergreen} an ethereal salt, etc.; -- called also {volatile oils} in distinction from the fixed or nonvolatile. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oil of bitter almonds — Almond Alm ond ([aum] m[u^]nd), n. [OE. almande, almaunde, alemaunde, F. amande, L. amygdala, fr. Gr. amygda lh: cf. Sp. almendra. Cf. {Amygdalate}.] 1. The fruit of the almond tree. [1913 Webster] Note: The different kinds, as bitter, sweet,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Imitation oil of bitter almonds — Almond Alm ond ([aum] m[u^]nd), n. [OE. almande, almaunde, alemaunde, F. amande, L. amygdala, fr. Gr. amygda lh: cf. Sp. almendra. Cf. {Amygdalate}.] 1. The fruit of the almond tree. [1913 Webster] Note: The different kinds, as bitter, sweet,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • imitation oil of bitter almonds — Nitrobenzene Ni tro*ben zene (? or ?), n. [Nitro + benzene.] (Chem.) A yellow aromatic liquid ({C6H5.NO2}), produced by the action of nitric acid on benzene, and called from its odor {imitation oil of bitter almonds}, or {essence of mirbane}. It… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • oil of wintergreen — Essential Es*sen tial ([e^]s*s[e^]n sjal), a. [Cf. F. essentiel. See {Essence}.] 1. Belonging to the essence, or that which makes an object, or class of objects, what it is. [1913 Webster] Majestic as the voice sometimes became, there was forever …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • oil — An inflammable liquid, of fatty consistency and unctuous feel, which is insoluble in water, soluble or insoluble in alcohol, and freely soluble in ether. Oils are variously classified as animal …   Medical dictionary

  • bitter almond — n an almond with a bitter taste that contains amygdalin also a tree (Prunus dulcis amara) of the rose family (Rosaceae) producing bitter almonds * * * 1. Prunus dulcis var. amara. 2. the fruit or seed of P. dulcis var. amara, which contains the… …   Medical dictionary

  • Almond oil — Almond Alm ond ([aum] m[u^]nd), n. [OE. almande, almaunde, alemaunde, F. amande, L. amygdala, fr. Gr. amygda lh: cf. Sp. almendra. Cf. {Amygdalate}.] 1. The fruit of the almond tree. [1913 Webster] Note: The different kinds, as bitter, sweet,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lemon oil — Essential Es*sen tial ([e^]s*s[e^]n sjal), a. [Cf. F. essentiel. See {Essence}.] 1. Belonging to the essence, or that which makes an object, or class of objects, what it is. [1913 Webster] Majestic as the voice sometimes became, there was forever …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • essence of mirbane — Nitrobenzene Ni tro*ben zene (? or ?), n. [Nitro + benzene.] (Chem.) A yellow aromatic liquid ({C6H5.NO2}), produced by the action of nitric acid on benzene, and called from its odor {imitation oil of bitter almonds}, or {essence of mirbane}. It… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • flowers of benzoin — Benzoic Ben*zo ic (b[e^]n*z[=o] [i^]k), a. [Cf. F. benzo[ i]que.] Pertaining to, or obtained from, benzoin. [1913 Webster] {Benzoic acid}, or {flowers of benzoin}, a peculiar vegetable acid, {C6H5.CO2H}, obtained from benzoin, and some other… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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