Oil of birch
Birch Birch (b[~e]rch), n.; pl. {Birches} (-[e^]z). [OE. birche, birk, AS. birce, beorc; akin to Icel. bj["o]rk, Sw. bj["o]rk, Dan. birk, D. berk, OHG. piricha, MHG. birche, birke, G. birke, Russ. bereza, Pol. brzoza, Serv. breza, Skr. bh[=u]rja. [root]254. Cf. 1st {Birk}.] 1. A tree of several species, constituting the genus {Betula}; as, the white or common birch ({Betula alba}) (also called silver birch and lady birch); the dwarf birch ({Betula glandulosa}); the paper or canoe birch ({Betula papyracea}); the yellow birch ({Betula lutea}); the black or cherry birch ({Betula lenta}). [1913 Webster]

2. The wood or timber of the birch. [1913 Webster]

3. A birch twig or birch twigs, used for flogging. [1913 Webster]

Note: The twigs of the common European birch (B. alba), being tough and slender, were formerly much used for rods in schools. They were also made into brooms. [1913 Webster]

The threatening twigs of birch. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

4. A birch-bark canoe. [1913 Webster]

{Birch of Jamaica}, a species ({Bursera gummifera}) of turpentine tree.

{Birch partridge}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Ruffed grouse}.

{Birch wine}, wine made of the spring sap of the birch.

{Oil of birch}. (a) An oil obtained from the bark of the common European birch ({Betula alba}), and used in the preparation of genuine (and sometimes of the imitation) Russia leather, to which it gives its peculiar odor. (b) An oil prepared from the black birch ({Betula lenta}), said to be identical with the oil of wintergreen, for which it is largely sold. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • oil of wintergreen — n a preparation of methyl salicylate obtained by distilling the leaves of wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) called also gaultheria oil, wintergreen oil compare BIRCH OIL …   Medical dictionary

  • oil of wintergreen — noun oil or flavoring obtained from the creeping wintergreen or teaberry plant • Syn: ↑wintergreen oil • Hypernyms: ↑flavorer, ↑flavourer, ↑flavoring, ↑flavouring, ↑seasoner, ↑seasoning …   Useful english dictionary

  • Birch — (b[ e]rch), n.; pl. {Birches} ( [e^]z). [OE. birche, birk, AS. birce, beorc; akin to Icel. bj[ o]rk, Sw. bj[ o]rk, Dan. birk, D. berk, OHG. piricha, MHG. birche, birke, G. birke, Russ. bereza, Pol. brzoza, Serv. breza, Skr. bh[=u]rja. [root]254.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Birch of Jamaica — Birch Birch (b[ e]rch), n.; pl. {Birches} ( [e^]z). [OE. birche, birk, AS. birce, beorc; akin to Icel. bj[ o]rk, Sw. bj[ o]rk, Dan. birk, D. berk, OHG. piricha, MHG. birche, birke, G. birke, Russ. bereza, Pol. brzoza, Serv. breza, Skr. bh[=u]rja …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Birch partridge — Birch Birch (b[ e]rch), n.; pl. {Birches} ( [e^]z). [OE. birche, birk, AS. birce, beorc; akin to Icel. bj[ o]rk, Sw. bj[ o]rk, Dan. birk, D. berk, OHG. piricha, MHG. birche, birke, G. birke, Russ. bereza, Pol. brzoza, Serv. breza, Skr. bh[=u]rja …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Birch wine — Birch Birch (b[ e]rch), n.; pl. {Birches} ( [e^]z). [OE. birche, birk, AS. birce, beorc; akin to Icel. bj[ o]rk, Sw. bj[ o]rk, Dan. birk, D. berk, OHG. piricha, MHG. birche, birke, G. birke, Russ. bereza, Pol. brzoza, Serv. breza, Skr. bh[=u]rja …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • birch beer — noun carbonated drink containing an extract from bark of birch trees • Hypernyms: ↑soft drink * * * noun : a sweetened effervescent beverage including oil of birch or oil of wintergreen among its flavoring ingredients and prepared by carbonating… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Birch leafminer — Birch leafminers are sawflies, which are closely related to bees and wasps. They are among the most common insect pests affecting Birch trees ( Betula spp.) in North America. Areas inside the leaves are consumed by the larvae affecting the leaves …   Wikipedia

  • birch oil — bərch n an essential oil that consists chiefly of methyl salicylate and is obtained from the bark and twigs of the sweet birch (Betula lenta) called also betula oil, sweet birch oil compare OIL OF WINTERGREEN …   Medical dictionary

  • Birch beer — is a carbonated soft drink made from herbal extracts, usually from birch bark. It has a taste similar to root beer, with a slightly minty and sharper flavor. Various types of birch beer are available, distinguished by color. The color depends on… …   Wikipedia

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