noise
background ack"ground`, n. [Back, a. + ground.] [1913 Webster] 1. Ground in the rear or behind, or in the distance, as opposed to the {foreground}, or the ground in front. [1913 Webster]

2. (Paint.) The space which is behind and subordinate to a portrait or group of figures. [1913 Webster]

Note: The distance in a picture is usually divided into foreground, middle distance, and background. --Fairholt. [1913 Webster]

3. Anything behind, serving as a foil; as, the statue had a background of red hangings. [1913 Webster]

4. A place in obscurity or retirement, or out of sight. [1913 Webster]

I fancy there was a background of grinding and waiting before Miss Torry could produce this highly finished . . . performance. --Mrs. Alexander. [1913 Webster]

A husband somewhere in the background. --Thackeray. [1913 Webster]

5. The set of conditions within which an action takes place, including the social and physical conditions as well as the psychological states of the participants; as, within the background of the massive budget deficits of the 1980's, new spending programs had little chance of passage by the congress. [PJC]

6. The set of conditions that precede and affect an action, such as the social and historical precedents for the event, as well as the general background[5]; as, against the background of their expulsion by the Serbs, the desire of Kosovars for vengeance is understandable though regrettable. [PJC]

7. (Science) The signals that may be detected by a measurement which are not due to the phenomenon being studied, and tend to make the measurement uncertain to a greater or lesser degree. Specifically: (Physics) Electronic noise present in a system using electronic measuring instrument or in a telecommunications system, which may hide and which must be differentiated from the desired signal; also called background noise or {noise}. [PJC]

8. (Journalism) An agreement between a journalist and an interviewee that the name of the interviewee will not be quoted in any publication, although the substance of the remarks may be reported; -- often used in the phrase ``on background''. Compare {deep background}. [PJC]

{To place in the background}, to make of little consequence.

{To keep in the background}, to remain unobtrusive, inconspicuous or out of sight; -- of people.

{deep background}, (Journalism) the status of an interview which must not be quoted in a publication, even without attribution. Compare {background}[8]. [1913 Webster +PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • noise — [ nwaz ] n. f. • fin XIe; « bruit, tapage » en a. fr.; lat. nausea « mal de mer » ♦ Vx Querelle, dispute. « C est une noise que vous nous cherchez » (Jouhandeau). « de petites noises » (Duhamel). ♢ (1611) Mod. Loc. Chercher (des) noise(s) à qqn.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • noise — Noise, f. penac. Tantost signifie debat, contens, querele, Altercatio, Concertatio, Contentio, Dissidium, Iurgium, Adiurgium, Lis, Litigium, Praecertatio, Rixa, Velitatio {{t=g}}néikê,{{/t}} contentio, {{t=g}}néikô, m. néikêsô,{{/t}} contendo,… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Noise — Noise, n. [F. noise noisy strife, quarrel, brawl, fr. L. nausea seasickness, sickness, disgust. See {Nausea}.] 1. Sound of any kind. [1913 Webster] The heavens turn about in a most rapid motion without noise to us perceived. Bacon. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • noise — NOISE. s. f. Querelle, dispute, riote. Grande noise. chercher noise. emouvoir une noise. il a émû la noise. il s emeut noise entre eux. il a commencé la noise. c est luy qui est autheur de la noise, cause de la noise. pour moy. je ne veux point… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • noise — [ nɔız ] noun *** uncount a loud or unpleasant sound: The noise from the machines is deafening. make a noise: Please will you stop making so much noise! too much noise: The neighbors said that we were making too much noise. a. count a sound: The… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • noise — noise; noise·ful; noise·less; an·ti·noise; ge·noise; gé·noise; noise·ful·ly; noise·less·ly; noise·less·ness; …   English syllables

  • noise — [noiz] n. [ME < OFr, noise, quarreling, clamor < L nausea: see NAUSEA] 1. a) loud or confused shouting; din of voices; clamor b) any loud, discordant, or disagreeable sound or sounds 2. a sound of any kind [the noise of the rain] 3 …   English World dictionary

  • NOiSE — ist ein Manga von Tsutomu Nihei aus dem Jahr 2001. Er bildet das Prequel zu seinem erfolgreichen Werk Blame!. Das letzte Kapitel von NOiSE enthält Tsutomu Niheis 1994 in der Manga Zeitschrift Afternoon erschienenen Debütmanga BLAME.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • NOiSE — ノイズ (Noizu) Type Seinen Genre Cyberpunk One shot Manga Auteur Tsutomu Nihei Éditeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Noise — Noise, v. i. To sound; to make a noise. Milton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Noise — Noise, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Noised}; p pr. & vb. n. {Noising}.] 1. To spread by rumor or report. [1913 Webster] All these sayings were noised abroad. Luke i. 65. [1913 Webster] 2. To disturb with noise. [Obs.] Dryden. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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