Nitroglycerine
Nitroglycerin Ni`tro*glyc"er*in, Nitroglycerine Ni`tro*glyc"er*ine(n[imac]`tr[-o]*gl[i^]s"[~e]r*[i^]n), n. [Nitro- + glycerin.] (Chem.) A liquid appearing like a heavy oil, colorless or yellowish, and consisting of a mixture of several glycerin salts of nitric acid, and hence more properly called {glycerin nitrate}; also called {trinitroglycerin} and {glyceryl trinitrate}. It is made by the action of nitric acid on glycerin in the presence of sulphuric acid. It is extremely unstable and terribly explosive. A very dilute solution is used in medicine as a neurotic under the name of {glonion}. [Written also {nitroglycerine}.] [1913 Webster]

Note: A great number of explosive compounds have been produced by mixing nitroglycerin with different substances; as, dynamite, or giant powder, nitroglycerin mixed with siliceous earth; lithofracteur, nitroglycerin with gunpowder, or with sawdust and nitrate of sodium or barium; Colonia powder, gunpowder with nitroglycerin; dualin, nitroglycerin with sawdust, or with sawdust and nitrate of potassium and some other substances; lignose, wood fiber and nitroglycerin. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nitroglycerine — Nitroglycérine  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Nitroglycérine (Lucky Luke).  Nitroglycérine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • nitroglycérine — [ nitrogliserin ] n. f. • 1847; de nitro et glycérine ♦ Trinitrate de glycérine, C3H5(NO3)3, huile jaune qui détone violemment sous le choc et qui est le constituant essentiel de la dynamite. ● nitroglycérine nom féminin Ester trinitrique du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • nitroglycerine — (n.) also nitroglycerin, explosive oily liquid, 1857, from NITRO (Cf. nitro ) + GLYCERIN (Cf. glycerin). So called either because it was obtained by treating glycerine with nitric and sulfuric acids or because it is essentially a nitrate… …   Etymology dictionary

  • nitroglycerine — UK / US or nitroglycerin UK [ˌnaɪtrəʊˈɡlɪsərɪn] / US [ˌnaɪtroʊˈɡlɪsərɪn] noun [uncountable] chemistry a chemical used for making bombs and some types of medicine …   English dictionary

  • nitroglycerine — (also nitroglycerin) ► NOUN ▪ an explosive yellow liquid made from glycerol, used in dynamite …   English terms dictionary

  • Nitroglycérine —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Nitroglycérine (Lucky Luke).  Nitroglycerine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • nitroglycerine — Nitroglycerin Ni tro*glyc er*in, Nitroglycerine Ni tro*glyc er*ine(n[imac] tr[ o]*gl[i^]s [ e]r*[i^]n), n. [Nitro + glycerin.] (Chem.) A liquid appearing like a heavy oil, colorless or yellowish, and consisting of a mixture of several glycerin… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • nitroglycerine — noun see nitroglycerin …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • NITROGLYCÉRINE — n. f. Huile jaunâtre, corrosive, extrêmement toxique et douce d’une grande force explosive, que l’on obtient en faisant réagir la glycérine sur l’acide azotique …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • nitroglycerine — noun The compound glyceryl tri nitrate or 1,2,3 tri nitrooxy propane; the ester of glycerol with nitric acid; prepared by the careful addition of a mixture of nitric and sulphuric acids to glycerol with constant stirring and cooling; it is a… …   Wiktionary

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