Nitrile Ni"trile (? or ?), n. [See {Nitro-}.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical ({-CN}); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid, with the elimination of the nitrogen as ammonia. [1913 Webster]

Note: The nitriles are named with reference to the acids produced by their decomposition, thus, hydrocyanic acid is {formic nitrile}, methyl cyanide is {acetonitrile} (also {acetic nitrile}), and ethyl cyanide is {propionitrile} (from propionic acid). [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • nitrile — [ nitril ] n. m. • 1849; de nitre ♦ Chim. Composé (acyclique) renfermant le radical CN. Nitrile formique : acide cyanhydrique. ● nitrile nom masculin Nom générique des dérivés R―C≡N de l acide cyanhydrique. (Découverts en 1834 par Pelouze, les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nitrile — Nitrile,   organische Verbindungen mit der allgemeinen Formel R C≡N (R Alkyl oder Arylrest), die als Ester der Blausäure aufgefasst werden können. Die Namen der Nitrile werden mit der Vorsilbe Cyan oder der Nachsilbe cyanid gebildet oder von der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nitrile — Nitrile, sind stickstoffhaltige organische Verbindungen, welche aus den Ammoniaksalzen einbasischer[4] organischer Säuren durch Verlust von 4 Atomen Wasser entstehen. Die N. der fetten Säuren werden durch trockene Destillation der Ammoniaksalze… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • nitrile — s.m. [der. di nitro, col suff. ile2]. (chim.) [nome generico di composti considerabili sia come esteri dell acido cianidrico sia come prodotti di disidratazione di un amide] ▶◀ nitrogruppo …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • nitrile — [nī′tril, nītrīl΄] n. [ NITR + ILE] an organic cyanide of the general formula R·C⋮N, yielding the corresponding acid and ammonia on hydrolysis …   English World dictionary

  • Nitrile — This article is about the group of organic compounds. For the synthetic rubber product, see Nitrile rubber. The structure of the nitrile group A nitrile is any organic compound that has a C≡N functional group.[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Nitrile — Allgemeine Formel eines Nitrils. Der Rest R ist ein Organyl Rest (Alkyl Rest, Aryl Rest, Alkylaryl Rest etc. oder – seltener – ein Acyl Rest. Nitrile sind eine Gruppe chemischer Verbindungen mit der allgemeinen Formel R C≡N. Die funktionelle… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nitrile — Le groupement nitrile correspond à ≡N ( C≡N est le groupe cyano ou carbonitrile[1]) et les règles IUPAC de dénomination des nitriles[2] sont claires : par exemple, CH3 C≡N est l acétonitrile ou éthanenitrile ou cyanométhane CH3CH2 C≡N est le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • nitrile — ni·trì·le s.m. TS chim. 1. in chimica organica, nome attribuito ai composti che possono essere considerati esteri dell acido cianidrico o prodotti di disidratazione di un ammide 2. → nitronio {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: 1875. ETIMO: der. di nitro… …   Dizionario italiano

  • nitrile — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary nitr + il, ile (from Latin ilis 1 ile) Date: 1848 an organic cyanide containing the group CN which on hydrolysis yields an acid with elimination of ammonia …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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