Nitric acid

Nitric acid
Nitric Ni"tric, a. [Cf. F. nitrique. See {Niter}.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, nitrogen; specifically, designating any one of those compounds in which, as contrasted with {nitrous} compounds, the element has a higher valence; as, nitric oxide; nitric acid. [1913 Webster]

{Nitric acid}, a colorless or yellowish liquid obtained by distilling a nitrate with sulphuric acid. It is powerfully corrosive, being a strong acid, and in decomposition a strong oxidizer.

{Nitric anhydride}, a white crystalline oxide of nitrogen ({N2O5}), called {nitric pentoxide}, and regarded as the anhydride of nitric acid.

{Nitric oxide}, a colorless poisous gas ({NO}) obtained by treating nitric acid with copper. On contact with the air or with oxygen, it becomes reddish brown from the formation of nitrogen dioxide ({NO2}, also called nitric dioxide or nitric peroxide). [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


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  • Nitric acid — Nitric acid …   Wikipedia

  • nitric acid — n. a colorless, fuming acid, HNO3, that is highly corrosive: prepared by the action of sulfuric acid on nitrates and by the oxidation of ammonia …   English World dictionary

  • nitric acid — ► NOUN ▪ a colourless or pale yellow acid with strong corrosive and oxidizing properties …   English terms dictionary

  • nitric acid — Chem. a colorless or yellowish, fuming, suffocating, caustic, corrosive, water soluble liquid, HNO3, having powerful oxidizing properties, usually obtained from ammonia or from Chile saltpeter: used chiefly in the manufacture of explosives and… …   Universalium

  • nitric acid — A strong acid oxidant and corrosive. fuming n. contains about 91% n.; used as a caustic. * * * nitric acid n a corrosive liquid inorganic acid HNO3 used esp. as an oxidizing agent, in nitrations, and in making organic compounds * * * a strong… …   Medical dictionary

  • nitric acid — N UNCOUNT Nitric acid is a strong colourless acid containing nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen …   English dictionary

  • nitric acid — nitrato rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė HNO₃ atitikmenys: angl. nitric acid rus. азотная кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – azoto rūgštis sinonimas – vandenilio trioksonitratas (1–) …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • nitric acid — a strong corrosive mineral acid, HNO3, the concentrated form of which is capable of producing severe burns of the skin. Swallowing the acid leads to intense burning pain and ulceration of the mouth and throat. Treatment is by immediate… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • nitric acid — noun acid used especially in the production of fertilizers and explosives and rocket fuels • Syn: ↑aqua fortis • Derivationally related forms: ↑nitrate, ↑nitrify • Hypernyms: ↑acid …   Useful english dictionary

  • nitric acid — noun Etymology: French nitrique, from nitre niter, from Middle French Date: 1788 a corrosive liquid inorganic acid HNO3 used especially as an oxidizing agent, in nitrations, and in making organic compounds (as fertilizers, explosives, and dyes) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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