nerve erve (n[~e]rv), n. [OE. nerfe, F. nerf, L. nervus, akin to Gr. ney^ron sinew, nerve; cf. neyra` string, bowstring; perh. akin to E. needle. Cf. {Neuralgia}.] 1. (Anat.) One of the whitish and elastic bundles of fibers, with the accompanying tissues, which transmit nervous impulses between nerve centers and various parts of the animal body. [1913 Webster]

Note: An ordinary nerve is made up of several bundles of nerve fibers, each bundle inclosed in a special sheath (the perineurium) and all bound together in a connective tissue sheath and framework (the epineurium) containing blood vessels and lymphatics. [1913 Webster]

2. A sinew or a tendon. --Pope. [1913 Webster]

3. Physical force or steadiness; muscular power and control; constitutional vigor. [1913 Webster]

he led me on to mightiest deeds, Above the nerve of mortal arm. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

4. Steadiness and firmness of mind; self-command in personal danger, or under suffering; unshaken courage and endurance; coolness; pluck; resolution. [1913 Webster]

5. Audacity; assurance. [Slang] [1913 Webster]

6. (Bot.) One of the principal fibrovascular bundles or ribs of a leaf, especially when these extend straight from the base or the midrib of the leaf. [1913 Webster]

7. (Zo["o]l.) One of the nervures, or veins, in the wings of insects. [1913 Webster]

{Nerve cell} (Anat.), a neuron, one of the nucleated cells with which nerve fibers are connected; a {ganglion cell} is one type of nerve cell.

{Nerve fiber} (Anat.), one of the fibers of which nerves are made up. These fibers are either {medullated} or {nonmedullated}. In both kinds the essential part is the translucent threadlike axis cylinder which is continuous the whole length of the fiber.

{Nerve stretching} (Med.), the operation of stretching a nerve in order to remedy diseases such as tetanus, which are supposed to be influenced by the condition of the nerve or its connections. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • nerve — [nʉrv] n. [ME nerfe < OFr nerf < L nervus, sinew, nerve, string < IE base * (s)nēu , to twist, wind > Gr neuron, tendon, nerve, OE sneowan, to hurry] 1. a sinew or tendon: now only in the phr. strain every nerve, to try as hard as… …   English World dictionary

  • nervé — ● nervé, nervée adjectif Se dit d un élément d architecture qui comporte des nervures, un réseau de nervures. ● nervé, nervée (synonymes) adjectif Se dit d un élément d architecture qui comporte des nervures, un... Synonymes : nervuré ⇒NERVÉ, ÉE …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • nerve — ► NOUN 1) a fibre or bundle of fibres in the body that transmits impulses of sensation between the brain or spinal cord and other parts of the body. 2) (nerves or one s nerve) steadiness and courage in a demanding situation: the journey tested… …   English terms dictionary

  • Nerve — (n[ e]rv), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Nerved} (n[ e]rvs); p. pr. & vb. n. {Nerving}.] To give strength or vigor to; to supply with force; as, fear nerved his arm. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • nerve — n effrontery, *temerity, audacity, hardihood, cheek, gall Analogous words: boldness, intrepidity (see corresponding adjectives at BRAVE): *fortitude,grit, pluck, sand, guts: foolhardiness, recklessness (see corresponding adjectives at… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • nerve — [n] daring, boldness assumption, assurance, audacity, backbone, brass*, bravery, brazenness, cheek*, chutzpah*, confidence, coolness, courage, crust*, determination, effrontery, endurance, energy, face*, fearlessness, firmness, force, fortitude,… …   New thesaurus

  • nervé — Nervé, [nerv]ée. part. Un battoir bien nervé. la pointe de cette arçon n est pas bien nervée …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • nerve — index audacity, confidence (faith), prowess (bravery), reassure, temerity Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton …   Law dictionary

  • nervé — nervé, ée (nèr vé, vée) part. passé de nerver. 1°   Panneaux nervés. 2°   Terme de botanique. Qui est muni de nervures, ou qui en a de très saillantes.    Terme de blason. Se dit des feuilles dont les nervures sont d un émail différent …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • nerve — noun 1 in the body ADJECTIVE ▪ pinched (AmE), trapped (BrE) ▪ sensitive ▪ damaged ▪ facial, optic, sciatic …   Collocations dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”