negative electricity
Negative Neg"a*tive (n[e^]g"[.a]*t[i^]v), a. [F. n['e]gatif, L. negativus, fr. negare to deny. See {Negation}.] 1. Denying; implying, containing, or asserting denial, negation or refusal; returning the answer no to an inquiry or request; refusing assent; as, a negative answer; a negative opinion; -- opposed to {affirmative}. [1913 Webster]

If thou wilt confess, Or else be impudently negative. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Denying me any power of a negative voice. --Eikon Basilike. [1913 Webster]

Something between an affirmative bow and a negative shake. --Dickens. [1913 Webster]

2. Not positive; without affirmative statement or demonstration; indirect; consisting in the absence of something; privative; as, a negative argument; negative evidence; a negative morality; negative criticism. [1913 Webster]

There in another way of denying Christ, . . . which is negative, when we do not acknowledge and confess him. --South. [1913 Webster]

3. (Logic) Asserting absence of connection between a subject and a predicate; as, a negative proposition. [1913 Webster]

4. (Photog.) Of or pertaining to a picture upon glass or other material, in which the lights and shades of the original, and the relations of right and left, are reversed. [1913 Webster]

5. (Chem.) Metalloidal; nonmetallic; -- contrasted with {positive} or {basic}; as, the nitro group is negative. [1913 Webster]

Note: This word, derived from electro-negative, is now commonly used in a more general sense, when acidiferous is the intended signification. [1913 Webster]

{Negative crystal}. (a) A cavity in a mineral mass, having the form of a crystal. (b) A crystal which has the power of negative double refraction. See {refraction}.

{negative electricity} (Elec.), the kind of electricity which is developed upon resin or ebonite when rubbed, or which appears at that pole of a voltaic battery which is connected with the plate most attacked by the exciting liquid; -- formerly called {resinous electricity}. Opposed to {positive electricity}. Formerly, according to Franklin's theory of a single electric fluid, negative electricity was supposed to be electricity in a degree below saturation, or the natural amount for a given body. See {Electricity}.

{Negative eyepiece}. (Opt.) see under {Eyepiece}.

{Negative quantity} (Alg.), a quantity preceded by the negative sign, or which stands in the relation indicated by this sign to some other quantity. See {Negative sign} (below).

{Negative rotation}, right-handed rotation. See {Right-handed}, 3.

{Negative sign}, the sign -, or {minus} (opposed in signification to +, or {plus}), indicating that the quantity to which it is prefixed is to be subtracted from the preceding quantity, or is to be reckoned from zero or cipher in the opposite direction to that of quanties having the sign plus either expressed or understood; thus, in a - b, b is to be substracted from a, or regarded as opposite to it in value; and -10[deg] on a thermometer means 10[deg] below the zero of the scale. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Negative electricity — Electricity E lec*tric i*ty ([=e] l[e^]k*tr[i^]s [i^]*t[y^]), n.; pl. {Electricities} ([=e] l[e^]k*tr[i^]s [i^]*t[i^]z). [Cf. F. [ e]lectricit[ e]. See {Electric}.] 1. (Physics) a property of certain of the fundamental particles of which matter… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • negative electricity — ☆ negative electricity n. the kind of electricity possessed by an object (as a piece of silk after it has been rubbed with a glass rod) having an excess of electrons: opposed to POSITIVE ELECTRICITY …   English World dictionary

  • negative electricity — noun : electricity of which the elementary unit is the electron * * * the electricity present in a body or substance that has an excess of electrons, as the electricity developed on a resin when rubbed with flannel. Cf. positive electricity.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • negative electricity — neigiamoji elektra statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. negative electricity; resinous electricity vok. negative Elektrizität, f rus. отрицательное электричество, n pranc. électricité négative, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • negative electricity — negative charge, type of charge carried by an electron …   English contemporary dictionary

  • negative electricity — the electricity present in a body or substance that has an excess of electrons, as the electricity developed on a resin when rubbed with flannel. Cf. positive electricity. [1745 55] * * * …   Universalium

  • Negative — Neg a*tive (n[e^]g [.a]*t[i^]v), a. [F. n[ e]gatif, L. negativus, fr. negare to deny. See {Negation}.] 1. Denying; implying, containing, or asserting denial, negation or refusal; returning the answer no to an inquiry or request; refusing assent;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Negative crystal — Negative Neg a*tive (n[e^]g [.a]*t[i^]v), a. [F. n[ e]gatif, L. negativus, fr. negare to deny. See {Negation}.] 1. Denying; implying, containing, or asserting denial, negation or refusal; returning the answer no to an inquiry or request; refusing …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Negative eyepiece — Negative Neg a*tive (n[e^]g [.a]*t[i^]v), a. [F. n[ e]gatif, L. negativus, fr. negare to deny. See {Negation}.] 1. Denying; implying, containing, or asserting denial, negation or refusal; returning the answer no to an inquiry or request; refusing …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Negative quantity — Negative Neg a*tive (n[e^]g [.a]*t[i^]v), a. [F. n[ e]gatif, L. negativus, fr. negare to deny. See {Negation}.] 1. Denying; implying, containing, or asserting denial, negation or refusal; returning the answer no to an inquiry or request; refusing …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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