Naphtha vitrioli
Naphtha Naph"tha (n[a^]f"th[.a] or n[a^]p"th[.a]), n. [L. naphtha, Gr. na`fqa, fr.Ar. nafth, nifth.] 1. (Chem.) The complex mixture of volatile, liquid, inflammable hydrocarbons, occurring naturally, and usually called {crude petroleum}, {mineral oil}, or {rock oil}. Specifically: That portion of the distillate obtained in the refinement of petroleum which is intermediate between the lighter gasoline and the heavier benzine, and has a specific gravity of about 0.7, -- used as a solvent for varnishes, as a carburetant, illuminant, etc. [1913 Webster]

2. (Chem.) One of several volatile inflammable liquids obtained by the distillation of certain carbonaceous materials and resembling the naphtha from petroleum; as, Boghead naphtha, from Boghead coal (obtained at Boghead, Scotland); crude naphtha, or light oil, from coal tar; wood naphtha, from wood, etc. [1913 Webster]

Note: This term was applied by the earlier chemical writers to a number of volatile, strong smelling, inflammable liquids, chiefly belonging to the ethers, as the sulphate, nitrate, or acetate of ethyl. --Watts. [1913 Webster]

{Naphtha vitrioli} [NL., naphtha of vitriol] (Old Chem.), common ethyl ether; -- formerly called {sulphuric ether}. See {Ether}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Naphtha — Naph tha (n[a^]f th[.a] or n[a^]p th[.a]), n. [L. naphtha, Gr. na fqa, fr.Ar. nafth, nifth.] 1. (Chem.) The complex mixture of volatile, liquid, inflammable hydrocarbons, occurring naturally, and usually called {crude petroleum}, {mineral oil},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Naphtha [2] — Naphtha (Pharm.), so v.w. Äther; so: N. acēti, Essigäther. N. nitri, Salpeteräther. N. salis, so v.w. Chloräthyl. N. vitriŏli, Schwefeläther …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Naphtha — Naphtha, leicht flüchtige und sehr entzündliche Flüssigkeit; ursprünglich soviel wie Äther (Schwefeläther, N. vitrioli), dann als Essignaphtha (N. aceti, N. vegetabilis), Salpeternaphtha auch Bezeichnung der zusammengesetzten Äther. Im Gegensatz… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Naphtha — Naphtha, ursprünglich Bezeichnung für Schwefeläther (N. vitrioli), jetzt für sehr leicht entzündliche und flüchtige Flüssigkeiten, insbesondere für die niedrig siedenden Anteile des Rohpetroleums und des Steinkohlenteers. Häußermann …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Naphtha — Naphtha, s. Erdöl. N. Acēti, Essigäther; N. Vitrioli, Schwefeläther …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • crude petroleum — Naphtha Naph tha (n[a^]f th[.a] or n[a^]p th[.a]), n. [L. naphtha, Gr. na fqa, fr.Ar. nafth, nifth.] 1. (Chem.) The complex mixture of volatile, liquid, inflammable hydrocarbons, occurring naturally, and usually called {crude petroleum}, {mineral …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mineral oil — Naphtha Naph tha (n[a^]f th[.a] or n[a^]p th[.a]), n. [L. naphtha, Gr. na fqa, fr.Ar. nafth, nifth.] 1. (Chem.) The complex mixture of volatile, liquid, inflammable hydrocarbons, occurring naturally, and usually called {crude petroleum}, {mineral …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rock oil — Naphtha Naph tha (n[a^]f th[.a] or n[a^]p th[.a]), n. [L. naphtha, Gr. na fqa, fr.Ar. nafth, nifth.] 1. (Chem.) The complex mixture of volatile, liquid, inflammable hydrocarbons, occurring naturally, and usually called {crude petroleum}, {mineral …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sulphuric ether — Naphtha Naph tha (n[a^]f th[.a] or n[a^]p th[.a]), n. [L. naphtha, Gr. na fqa, fr.Ar. nafth, nifth.] 1. (Chem.) The complex mixture of volatile, liquid, inflammable hydrocarbons, occurring naturally, and usually called {crude petroleum}, {mineral …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Élixir d'or — L élixir d or[N 1] est une ancienne préparation pharmaceutique qui fut utilisée au XVIIIe siècle. Cet élixir a porté de nombreux noms différents et sa composition, d abord tenue secrète, a varié au cours des époques et des préparateurs. Il s… …   Wikipédia en Français

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