Mustard
Mustard Mus"tard, n. [OF. moustarde, F. moutarde, fr. L. mustum must, -- mustard was prepared for use by being mixed with must. See {Must}, n.] 1. (Bot.) The name of several cruciferous plants of the genus {Brassica} (formerly {Sinapis}), as {white mustard} ({Brassica alba}), {black mustard} ({Brassica Nigra}), {wild mustard} or {charlock} ({Brassica Sinapistrum}). [1913 Webster]

Note: There are also many herbs of the same family which are called mustard, and have more or less of the flavor of the true mustard; as, bowyer's mustard ({Lepidium ruderale}); hedge mustard ({Sisymbrium officinale}); Mithridate mustard ({Thlaspi arvense}); tower mustard ({Arabis perfoliata}); treacle mustard ({Erysimum cheiranthoides}). [1913 Webster]

2. A powder or a paste made from the seeds of black or white mustard, used as a condiment and a rubefacient. Taken internally it is stimulant and diuretic, and in large doses is emetic. [1913 Webster]

{Mustard oil} (Chem.), a substance obtained from mustard, as a transparent, volatile and intensely pungent oil. The name is also extended to a number of analogous compounds produced either naturally or artificially. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mustard — may refer to: Contents 1 The mustard plant and its products 2 Other uses 2.1 Names 2.2 Fictional names …   Wikipedia

  • MUSTARD — (Heb. חַרְדָּל, ḥardal), the name applied to two species, the common mustard (Sinapis alba), known in rabbinical literature as Egyptian mustard, and the kind called simply mustard. The latter was extracted from the seeds of a different botanical… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • mustard — (n.) late 13c. (late 12c. as a surname), from O.Fr. mostarde mustard, mustard plant (Mod.Fr. moutarde), from moust must, from L. mustum new wine (see MUST (Cf. must) (n.1)); so called because it was originally prepared by adding must to the… …   Etymology dictionary

  • mustard — [mus′tərd] n. [ME mustarde < OFr moustarde < moust, must < L mustum (see MUST3): orig. prepared with must as an ingredient] 1. any of several annual herbs (genus Brassica) of the crucifer family, with yellow flowers and slender pods… …   English World dictionary

  • mustard — ► NOUN 1) a hot tasting yellow or brown paste made from the crushed seeds of a plant, eaten with meat or used in cooking. 2) a brownish yellow colour. ORIGIN Old French moustarde, from Latin mustum must (because mustard was originally prepared… …   English terms dictionary

  • mustard — /mus teuhrd/, n. 1. a pungent powder or paste prepared from the seed of the mustard plant, used as a food seasoning or condiment, and medicinally in plasters, poultices, etc. 2. any of various acrid or pungent plants, esp. of the genus Brassica,… …   Universalium

  • Mustard — William T., Canadian thoracic surgeon, 1914–1987. See M. operation, M. procedure. * * * mus·tard məs tərd n 1) a pungent yellow condiment consisting of the pulverized seeds of the black mustard or sometimes the white mustard either dry or made… …   Medical dictionary

  • mustard — 1. The dried ripe seeds of Brassica alba (white m.) and B. nigra (black m.) (family Cruciferae). 2. SYN: m. gas. [O.Fr. moustarde, fr. L. mustum, must] black m. the dried ripe seed of Brassica nigra or of B. juncea; it is the source of allyl… …   Medical dictionary

  • mustard — [[t]mʌ̱stə(r)d[/t]] mustards 1) N MASS Mustard is a yellow or brown paste usually eaten with meat. It tastes hot and spicy. ...a pot of mustard... Thinly paint the lamb with Dijon mustard. 2) N UNCOUNT Mustard is a small plant with yellow flowers …   English dictionary

  • mustard — /ˈmʌstəd / (say mustuhd) noun 1. a pungent powder or paste prepared from the seed of the mustard plant, much used as a food seasoning or condiment, and medicinally in plasters, poultices, etc. 2. any of various species of Brassica and allied… …   Australian English dictionary

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