Compound Com"pound, a. [OE. compouned, p. p. of compounen. See {Compound}, v. t.] Composed of two or more elements, ingredients, parts; produced by the union of several ingredients, parts, or things; composite; as, a compound word. [1913 Webster]

Compound substances are made up of two or more simple substances. --I. Watts. [1913 Webster]

{Compound addition}, {subtraction}, {multiplication}, {division} (Arith.), the addition, subtraction, etc., of compound numbers.

{Compound crystal} (Crystallog.), a twin crystal, or one seeming to be made up of two or more crystals combined according to regular laws of composition.

{Compound engine} (Mech.), a form of steam engine in which the steam that has been used in a high-pressure cylinder is made to do further service in a larger low-pressure cylinder, sometimes in several larger cylinders, successively.

{Compound ether}. (Chem.) See under {Ether}.

{Compound flower} (Bot.), a flower head resembling a single flower, but really composed of several florets inclosed in a common calyxlike involucre, as the sunflower or dandelion.

{Compound fraction}. (Math.) See {Fraction}.

{Compound fracture}. See {Fracture}.

{Compound householder}, a householder who compounds or arranges with his landlord that his rates shall be included in his rents. [Eng.]

{Compound interest}. See {Interest}.

{Compound larceny}. (Law) See {Larceny}.

{Compound leaf} (Bot.), a leaf having two or more separate blades or leaflets on a common leafstalk.

{Compound microscope}. See {Microscope}.

{Compound motion}. See {Motion}.

{Compound number} (Math.), one constructed according to a varying scale of denomination; as, 3 cwt., 1 qr., 5 lb.; -- called also {denominate number}.

{Compound pier} (Arch.), a clustered column.

{Compound quantity} (Alg.), a quantity composed of two or more simple quantities or terms, connected by the sign + (plus) or - (minus). Thus, a + b - c, and bb - b, are compound quantities.

{Compound radical}. (Chem.) See {Radical}.

{Compound ratio} (Math.), the product of two or more ratios; thus ab:cd is a ratio compounded of the simple ratios a:c and b:d.

{Compound rest} (Mech.), the tool carriage of an engine lathe.

{Compound screw} (Mech.), a screw having on the same axis two or more screws with different pitch (a differential screw), or running in different directions (a right and left screw).

{Compound time} (Mus.), that in which two or more simple measures are combined in one; as, 6-8 time is the joining of two measures of 3-8 time.

{Compound word}, a word composed of two or more words; specifically, two or more words joined together by a hyphen. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • multiplication — [ myltiplikasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIIIe arithm.; bas lat. multiplicatio 1 ♦ (1370) Augmentation importante en nombre. ⇒ accroissement, augmentation, prolifération, pullulement. Le miracle de la multiplication des pains. « La multiplication des ouvrages… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • multiplication — Multiplication. s. f. Augmentation en nombre. La multiplication des estres. multiplication des especes. la multiplication des hommes. ce Chimiste dit qu il a la multiplication, & que d une once d or il en fait trois. la multiplication des cinq… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Multiplication — Mul ti*pli*ca tion, n. [L. multiplicatio: cf. F. multiplication. See {Multiply}.] 1. The act or process of multiplying, or of increasing in number; the state of being multiplied; as, the multiplication of the human species by natural generation.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • multiplication — UK US /ˌmʌltɪplɪˈkeɪʃən/ noun [U] ► a large increase in number: the multiplication of sth »The multiplication of TV channels has inevitably led to more fragmented viewing. ► the mathematical process of adding one number to another a particular… …   Financial and business terms

  • multiplication — (n.) mid 14c., from O.Fr. multiplicacion (12c.) multiplication, duplication; multiplicity, diversity, from L. multiplicationem (nom. multiplicatio), noun of action from pp. stem of multiplicare (see MULTIPLY (Cf. multiply)). Mathematical sense is …   Etymology dictionary

  • multiplication — [mul΄tə pli kā′shən] n. [ME multiplicacioun < OFr multiplication < L multiplicatio] 1. a multiplying or being multiplied 2. Math. the process of finding the number or quantity ( product) obtained by repeated additions of a specified number… …   English World dictionary

  • Multiplication — (v. lat.), 1) Vermehrung; 2) die Rechnungsart des Multiplicirens, s.d.; 3) M. der Winkelmessung (Repetition der Winkelmessung), die in der Astronomie u. Geodäsie öfter nach einander vorgenommene Messung eines u. desselben Verticals od.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Multiplication — Multiplication, Vervielfachung, ist eine arithmetische Operation, eine gegebene Zahl so oft setzen und addiren, als eine andere gegebene Zahl Einheiten hat. Die beiden gegebenen Zahlen heißen Factoren, die eine, die vervielfacht werden soll,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • multiplication — index accession (enlargement), growth (increase) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • multiplication — ► NOUN 1) the process of multiplying. 2) Mathematics the process of combining matrices, vectors, or other quantities under specific rules to obtain their product …   English terms dictionary

  • Multiplication — Multiply redirects here. For other uses, see Multiplication (disambiguation). For methods of computing products, including those of very large numbers, see Multiplication algorithm. Four bags of three marbles gives twelve marbles. There are also… …   Wikipedia

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