multiple sclerosis
Sclerosis Scle*ro"sis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. (??, fr. sklhro`s hard.] 1. (Med.) Induration; hardening; especially, that form of induration produced in an organ by increase of its interstitial connective tissue. [1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) Hardening of the cell wall by lignification. [1913 Webster]

{Cerebro-spinal sclerosis} (Med.), an affection in which patches of hardening, produced by increase of the neuroglia and atrophy of the true nerve tissue, are found scattered throughout the brain and spinal cord. It is associated with complete or partial paralysis, a peculiar jerking tremor of the muscles, headache, and vertigo, and is usually fatal. Formerly referred to as {multiple sclerosis}, {disseminated sclerosis}, or {insular sclerosis}, but now usually called only {multiple sclerosis}, or {MS}. [1913 Webster +PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Multiple sclerosis — Classification and external resources Demyelination by MS. The CD68 colored tissue shows several macrophages in the area of the lesion. Original scale 1:100 ICD …   Wikipedia

  • multiple sclerosis — Sclerosis Scle*ro sis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. (??, fr. sklhro s hard.] 1. (Med.) Induration; hardening; especially, that form of induration produced in an organ by increase of its interstitial connective tissue. [1913 Webster] 2. (Bot.) Hardening of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • multiple sclerosis — n a demyelinating disease marked by patches of hardened tissue in the brain or the spinal cord and associated esp. with partial or complete paralysis and jerking muscle tremor * * * (MS, disseminated sclerosis) a chronic disease of the nervous… …   Medical dictionary

  • multiple sclerosis — multiple scle rosis noun uncount a serious illness affecting the nerve cells of the brain and SPINE that gradually makes it difficult for someone to move, speak, or see. Multiple sclerosis is often simply called MS …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • multiple sclerosis — first attested 1877; so called because it occurs in patches …   Etymology dictionary

  • multiple sclerosis — n. a chronic disease in which there is scattered demyelination of the central nervous system: it may result in speech defects, loss of muscular coordination, etc …   English World dictionary

  • multiple sclerosis — noun a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers (Freq. 2) • Syn: ↑MS, ↑disseminated sclerosis, ↑disseminated multiple sclerosis • Hypernyms: ↑sclerosis, ↑induration, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • multiple sclerosis — [[t]mʌ̱ltɪp(ə)l skləro͟ʊsɪs[/t]] N UNCOUNT Multiple sclerosis is a serious disease of the nervous system, which gradually makes a person weaker, and sometimes affects their sight or speech. The abbreviation MS is also used …   English dictionary

  • multiple sclerosis — UK / US noun [uncountable] medical a serious illness affecting the nerve cells of the brain and spine that gradually makes it difficult for someone to move, speak, or see. Multiple sclerosis is often simply called MS …   English dictionary

  • multiple sclerosis — A disorder of the central nervous system marked by weakness, numbness, a loss of muscle coordination, and problems with vision, speech, and bladder control. Multiple sclerosis is thought to be an autoimmune disease in which the body s immune… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”