morpheme
morpheme mor"pheme (m[^o]r"f[=e]m), n. (Linguistics) The smallest unit of meaning of a language, which cannot be divided into smaller parts carrying meaning; it is usually smaller than a single wordform, such as the -ed morpheme of verbs in the past tense or the -s morpheme of nouns in the plural form. [PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • MORPHÈME — Le terme morphème a au moins trois sens différents en linguistique. On l’a d’abord employé pour désigner l’unité repérable dans un complexe morphologique où se découpaient un élément porteur de sens (appelé lexème; parfois, mais plus rarement,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Morpheme — Morphème En linguistique, on définit généralement[1] un morphème comme la plus petite unité porteuse de sens qu il soit possible d isoler dans un énoncé. De même que le phonème, le morphème est une entité abstraite susceptible de se réaliser de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • morpheme — (n.) part of a word which contains the affixes, 1896, from Ger. morpheme, coined 1895 by Polish born linguist Jan Baudouin de Courtenay (1845–1929), from Gk. morphe form, shape (see MORPHEUS (Cf. Morpheus)), on analogy of phonème …   Etymology dictionary

  • morpheme — [môr′fēm΄] n. [Fr morphème < Gr morphē, form + Fr ème, as in phonème,PHONEME] the smallest meaningful unit or form in a language: it may be an affix (Ex.: un in undo or er in doer) or a base (Ex.: do in undo) morphemic adj. morphemically adv …   English World dictionary

  • Morpheme — Examples Unbreakable comprises three morphemes: un (a bound morpheme signifying not ), break (the root, a free morpheme), and able (a bound morpheme signifying doable ). Allomorphs of the plural morpheme for regular nouns: /s/ (e.g. in cats… …   Wikipedia

  • Morphème — En linguistique, on définit généralement[1] un morphème comme la plus petite unité porteuse de sens qu il soit possible d isoler dans un énoncé. De même que le phonème, le morphème est une entité abstraite susceptible de se réaliser de plusieurs… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • morpheme — morphemic, adj. morphemically, adv. /mawr feem/, n. Ling. any of the minimal grammatical units of a language, each constituting a word or meaningful part of a word, that cannot be divided into smaller independent grammatical parts, as the, write …   Universalium

  • morpheme — mor|pheme [ˈmo:fi:m US ˈmo:r ] n [Date: 1800 1900; : French; Origin: morphème, from Greek morphe form + English eme (as in phoneme)] technical the smallest unit of meaning in a language. The words so , the and boy consist of one morpheme. Boys… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • morpheme — UK [ˈmɔː(r)fiːm] / US [ˈmɔrˌfɪm] noun [countable] Word forms morpheme : singular morpheme plural morphemes linguistics the smallest unit of meaning in a language. A morpheme can be a whole word, for example the , or part of a word, for example un …   English dictionary

  • morpheme — noun /ˈmɔː(r)fiːm/ The smallest linguistic unit within a word that can carry a meaning, such as un , break , and able in the word unbreakable . The word pigs consists of two morphemes: pig (a particular animal) and s (indication of the plural).… …   Wiktionary

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