Montessori Method
Montessori Method Mon`tes*so"ri Meth"od (Pedagogy) A system of training and instruction, primarily for use with normal children aged from three to six years, devised by Dr. Maria Montessori while teaching in the ``Houses of Childhood'' (schools in the poorest tenement districts of Rome, Italy), and first fully described by her in 1909. The fundamental aim is to create self-motivation for education, and the leading features are freedom for physical activity (no stationary desks and chairs), informal and individual instruction, the very early development of reading and writing skills, and an extended sensory and motor training (with special emphasis on vision, touch, perception of movement, and their interconnections), mediated by a patented, standardized system of ``didactic apparatus,'' which is declared to be ``auto-regulative.'' Most of the chief features of the method are borrowed from current methods used in many institutions for training feeble-minded children, and dating back especially to the work of the French-American physician Edouard O. Seguin (1812-80). [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Montessori method — or Montessori system n. a system of training and teaching young children, devised in 1907 by Maria Montessori, which emphasizes training of the senses and guidance rather than rigid control of the child s activity, so as to encourage self… …   English World dictionary

  • Montessori method — The Montessori method is an educational method for children, based on theories of child development originated by Italian educator Maria Montessori (1870 1952) in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is applied primarily in preschool and… …   Wikipedia

  • Montessori method — Montessorian, adj. a system for teaching young children, in which the fundamental aim is self motivated education by the children themselves, as they are encouraged to move freely through individualized instruction and physical exercises,… …   Universalium

  • Montessori method — /mɒntəˈsɔri mɛθəd/ (say montuh sawree methuhd) noun a system for training and instructing young children, of which the fundamental aim is self education by the children themselves, accompanied by special emphasis on the training of the senses.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Montessori method — Montessorian, adj. a system for teaching young children, in which the fundamental aim is self motivated education by the children themselves, as they are encouraged to move freely through individualized instruction and physical exercises,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Montessori method — system for teaching young children …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Maria Montessori: The Montessori Method — ▪ Primary Source       After becoming the first woman in Italy to earn a medical degree (1894), Maria Montessori worked at a psychiatric clinic, where she studied the developmental problems faced by mentally retarded children. She discovered that …   Universalium

  • Montessori education — Montessori redirects here. For the founder of the Montessori method, see Maria Montessori. For the surname, see Montessori (surname). Children working on the phonogram moveable alphabet Montessori education is an educational approach developed by …   Wikipedia

  • Montessori Oberschule Potsdam — Location Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany Information Type Public school Motto Schule mit besonderer Prägung School with particular education Established 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Montessori in the United States — Main article: Montessori method This article discusses Montessori in the United States. Contents 1 History 2 Montessori schools 3 Montessori in the home …   Wikipedia

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