Monism
Monism Mon"ism (m[o^]n"[i^]z'm or m[=o]"n[i^]z'm), n. [From Gr. mo`nos single.] 1. (Metaph.) That doctrine which refers all phenomena to a single ultimate constituent or agent; -- the opposite of {dualism}. [1913 Webster]

Note: The doctrine has been held in three generic forms: matter and its phenomena have been explained as a modification of mind, involving an idealistic monism; or mind has been explained by and resolved into matter, giving a materialistic monism; or, thirdly, matter, mind, and their phenomena have been held to be manifestations or modifications of some one substance, like the substance of Spinoza, or a supposed unknown something of some evolutionists, which is capable of an objective and subjective aspect. [1913 Webster]

2. (Biol.) See {Monogenesis}, 1. [1913 Webster]

3. The doctrine that the universe is an organized unitary being or total self-inclusive structure.

Monism means that the whole of reality, i.e., everything that is, constitutes one inseparable and indivisible entirety. Monism accordingly is a unitary conception of the world. It always bears in mind that our words are abstracts representing parts or features of the One and All, and not separate existences. Not only are matter and mind, soul and body, abstracts, but also such scientific terms as atoms and molecules, and also religious terms such as God and world. --Paul Carus. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monism — • A philosophical term which, in its various meanings, is opposed to Dualism or Pluralism Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Monism     Monism      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Monism — is any philosophical view which holds that there is unity in a given field of inquiry. Accordingly, some philosophers may hold that the universe is one rather than dualistic or pluralistic. Monisms may be theologically syncretic by proposing that …   Wikipedia

  • monism — MONÍSM s.n. Concepţie filosofică potrivit căreia la baza tuturor fenomenelor lumii s ar afla un singur principiu, fie material, fie spiritual; p. gener. orice concepţie care explică printr un singur principiu multitudinea fenomenelor dintr un… …   Dicționar Român

  • monism — finds one where dualism finds two. Physicalism is the doctrine that everything that exists is physical, and is a monism contrasted with mind–body dualism; absolute idealism is the doctrine that the only reality consists in modifications of the… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • monism — (n.) the philosophical doctrine that there is only one principle, 1862, from Mod.L. monismus, from Gk. monos alone (see MONO (Cf. mono )). First used in German by German philosopher Baron Christian von Wolff (1679 1754) …   Etymology dictionary

  • monism — [mō′niz΄əm, män′iz΄əm] n. [ModL monismus < Gr monos, single: see MONO ] Philos. 1. the doctrine that there is only one ultimate substance or principle, whether mind (idealism), matter ( materialism), or some third thing that is the basis of… …   English World dictionary

  • monism — monist, n. monistic /meuh nis tik, moh /, monistical, adj. monistically, adv. /mon iz euhm, moh niz euhm/, n. 1. Philos. a. (in metaphysics) any of various theories holding that there is only one basic substance or principle as the ground of… …   Universalium

  • monism — Monogenesis Mon o*gen e*sis, n. [Mono + genesis.] 1. Oneness of origin; esp. (Biol.), development of all beings in the universe from a single cell; opposed to {polygenesis}. Called also {monism}. Dana. Haeckel. [1913 Webster] 2. (Biol.) That form …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Monism — the metaphysical and theological view that there is only one principle, essence, substance or energy. Monism is to be distinguished from dualism, which holds that ultimately there are two principles, and from pluralism, which holds that… …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • monism — noun Etymology: German Monismus, from mon + ismus ism Date: 1862 1. a. a view that there is only one kind of ultimate substance b. the view that reality is one unitary organic whole with no independent parts 2. monogenesis 3. a viewpoint or… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”