Assay
Assay As*say", n. [OF. asai, essai, trial, F. essa. See {Essay}, n.] 1. Trial; attempt; essay. [Obs.] --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

I am withal persuaded that it may prove much more easy in the assay than it now seems at distance. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. Examination and determination; test; as, an assay of bread or wine. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

This can not be, by no assay of reason. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. Trial by danger or by affliction; adventure; risk; hardship; state of being tried. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

Through many hard assays which did betide. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

4. Tested purity or value. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

With gold and pearl of rich assay. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

5. (Metallurgy) The act or process of ascertaining the proportion of a particular metal in an ore or alloy; especially, the determination of the proportion of gold or silver in bullion or coin. [1913 Webster]

6. The alloy or metal to be assayed. --Ure. [1913 Webster]

Usage: {Assay} and {essay} are radically the same word; but modern usage has appropriated {assay} chiefly to experiments in metallurgy, and {essay} to intellectual and bodily efforts. See {Essay}. [1913 Webster]

Note: Assay is used adjectively or as the first part of a compound; as, assay balance, assay furnace. [1913 Webster]

{Assay master}, an officer who assays or tests gold or silver coin or bullion.

{Assay ton}, a weight of 29,166 2/3 grams. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:
(to determine the quality of metals, alloys, or ores), , , , (metallic substances), ,


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Assay — As*say , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Assayed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Assaying}.] [OF. asaier, essaier, F. essayer, fr. essai. See {Assay}, n., {Essay}, v.] 1. To try; to attempt; to apply. [Obs. or Archaic] [1913 Webster] To night let us assay our plot. Shak …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • assay — ► NOUN ▪ the testing of a metal or ore to determine its ingredients and quality. ► VERB 1) carry out an assay on. 2) archaic attempt. DERIVATIVES assayer noun. ORIGIN Old French assai, essai trial …   English terms dictionary

  • assay — [as′ā, a sā′; ] for v. [ a sā′, əsā] n. [ME & Anglo Fr assai < OFr essai, trial: see ESSAY, n.] 1. an examination or testing 2. the analysis of an ore, alloy, drug, etc. to determine the nature, proportion, or purity of the ingredients 3. a… …   English World dictionary

  • Assay — As*say , v. i. To attempt, try, or endeavor. [Archaic. In this sense essay is now commonly used.] [1913 Webster] She thrice assayed to speak. Dryden. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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