Milk thistle

Milk thistle
Milk Milk (m[i^]lk), n. [AS. meoluc, meoloc, meolc, milc; akin to OFries. meloc, D. melk, G. milch, OHG. miluh, Icel. mj[=o]lk, Sw. mj["o]lk, Dan. melk, Goth. miluks, G. melken to milk, OHG. melchan, Lith. milszti, L. mulgere, Gr. 'ame`lgein. [root]107. Cf. {Milch}, {Emulsion}, {Milt} soft roe of fishes.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Physiol.) A white fluid secreted by the mammary glands of female mammals for the nourishment of their young, consisting of minute globules of fat suspended in a solution of casein, albumin, milk sugar, and inorganic salts. ``White as morne milk.'' --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) A kind of juice or sap, usually white in color, found in certain plants; latex. See {Latex}. [1913 Webster]

3. An emulsion made by bruising seeds; as, the milk of almonds, produced by pounding almonds with sugar and water. [1913 Webster]

4. (Zo["o]l.) The ripe, undischarged spat of an oyster. [1913 Webster]

{Condensed milk}. See under {Condense}, v. t.

{Milk crust} (Med.), vesicular eczema occurring on the face and scalp of nursing infants. See {Eczema}.

{Milk fever}. (a) (Med.) A fever which accompanies or precedes the first lactation. It is usually transitory. (b) (Vet. Surg.) A form puerperal peritonitis in cattle; also, a variety of meningitis occurring in cows after calving.

{Milk glass}, glass having a milky appearance.

{Milk knot} (Med.), a hard lump forming in the breast of a nursing woman, due to obstruction to the flow of milk and congestion of the mammary glands.

{Milk leg} (Med.), a swollen condition of the leg, usually in puerperal women, caused by an inflammation of veins, and characterized by a white appearance occasioned by an accumulation of serum and sometimes of pus in the cellular tissue.

{Milk meats}, food made from milk, as butter and cheese. [Obs.] --Bailey.

{Milk mirror}. Same as {Escutcheon}, 2.

{Milk molar} (Anat.), one of the deciduous molar teeth which are shed and replaced by the premolars.

{Milk of lime} (Chem.), a watery emulsion of calcium hydrate, produced by macerating quicklime in water.

{Milk parsley} (Bot.), an umbelliferous plant ({Peucedanum palustre}) of Europe and Asia, having a milky juice.

{Milk pea} (Bot.), a genus ({Galactia}) of leguminous and, usually, twining plants.

{Milk sickness} (Med.), See {milk sickness} in the vocabulary.

{Milk snake} (Zo["o]l.), a harmless American snake ({Ophibolus triangulus}, or {Ophibolus eximius}). It is variously marked with white, gray, and red. Called also {milk adder}, {chicken snake}, {house snake}, etc.

{Milk sugar}. (Physiol. Chem.) See {Lactose}, and {Sugar of milk} (below).

{Milk thistle} (Bot.), an esculent European thistle ({Silybum marianum}), having the veins of its leaves of a milky whiteness.

{Milk thrush}. (Med.) See {Thrush}.

{Milk tooth} (Anat.), one of the temporary first set of teeth in young mammals; in man there are twenty.

{Milk tree} (Bot.), a tree yielding a milky juice, as the cow tree of South America ({Brosimum Galactodendron}), and the {Euphorbia balsamifera} of the Canaries, the milk of both of which is wholesome food.

{Milk vessel} (Bot.), a special cell in the inner bark of a plant, or a series of cells, in which the milky juice is contained. See {Latex}.

{Rock milk}. See {Agaric mineral}, under {Agaric}.

{Sugar of milk}. The sugar characteristic of milk; a hard white crystalline slightly sweet substance obtained by evaporation of the whey of milk. It is used in pellets and powder as a vehicle for homeopathic medicines, and as an article of diet. See {Lactose}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Milk thistle — This article is about the true milk thistles. For another plant that is sometimes referred to as a milk thistle, see Sow thistle (disambiguation). Milk thistle Silybum marianum Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • milk thistle — tikrasis margainis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Astrinių šeimos prieskoninis, vaistinis, medingas nuodingas augalas (Silybum marianum), paplitęs šiaurės Afrikoje, pietų Europoje ir pietvakarių Azijoje. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • milk thistle — noun Date: 1562 a tall thistle (Silybum marianum) having white veined dark green leaves and large purple flower heads that is native to the Mediterranean region but has become naturalized elsewhere including the United States; also an extract of… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • milk thistle — A plant that has been used in some cultures to treat certain medical problems, including stomach, liver, and gallbladder disorders. The active extract of milk thistle seeds is called silymarin. It is being studied in the prevention of liver… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • milk thistle — milk this·tle this əl n a tall thistle (Silybum marianum) that is the source of silymarin, has large clasping white blotched leaves and large purple flower heads with bristly receptacles, and is native to southern Europe but has been widely… …   Medical dictionary

  • milk thistle — noun 1. any of several Old World coarse prickly leaved shrubs and subshrubs having milky juice and yellow flowers; widely naturalized; often noxious weeds in cultivated soil • Syn: ↑sow thistle • Hypernyms: ↑shrub, ↑bush • Hyponyms: ↑milkweed, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • milk thistle — lady s thistle. * * * …   Universalium

  • milk thistle — noun 1》 a thistle with a solitary purple flower and glossy marbled leaves, used in herbal medicine. [Silybum marianum.] 2》 another term for sowthistle …   English new terms dictionary

  • milk thistle — /ˈmɪlk θɪsəl/ (say milk thisuhl) noun 1. an annual or biennial herb with spiny leaves and reddish purple capitula, Silybum marianum, widespread in temperate grasslands and waste places. 2. any of several species of the genus Sonchus, with yellow… …   Australian English dictionary

  • milk thistle — noun Any of the thistles in the genus Silybum …   Wiktionary

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