Middle voice
Voice Voice, n. [OE. vois, voys, OF. vois, voiz, F. voix, L. vox, vocis, akin to Gr. ? a word, ? a voice, Skr. vac to say, to speak, G. erw["a]hnen to mention. Cf. {Advocate}, {Advowson}, {Avouch}, {Convoke}, {Epic}, {Vocal}, {Vouch}, {Vowel}.] 1. Sound uttered by the mouth, especially that uttered by human beings in speech or song; sound thus uttered considered as possessing some special quality or character; as, the human voice; a pleasant voice; a low voice. [1913 Webster]

He with a manly voice saith his message. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

Her voice was ever soft, Gentle, and low; an excellent thing in woman. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Thy voice is music. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Join thy voice unto the angel choir. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. (Phon.) Sound of the kind or quality heard in speech or song in the consonants b, v, d, etc., and in the vowels; sonant, or intonated, utterance; tone; -- distinguished from mere breath sound as heard in f, s, sh, etc., and also whisper. [1913 Webster]

Note: Voice, in this sense, is produced by vibration of the so-called vocal cords in the larynx (see Illust. of {Larynx}) which act upon the air, not in the manner of the strings of a stringed instrument, but as a pair of membranous tongues, or reeds, which, being continually forced apart by the outgoing current of breath, and continually brought together again by their own elasticity and muscular tension, break the breath current into a series of puffs, or pulses, sufficiently rapid to cause the sensation of tone. The power, or loudness, of such a tone depends on the force of the separate pulses, and this is determined by the pressure of the expired air, together with the resistance on the part of the vocal cords which is continually overcome. Its pitch depends on the number of a["e]rial pulses within a given time, that is, on the rapidity of their succession. See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 5, 146, 155. [1913 Webster]

3. The tone or sound emitted by anything. [1913 Webster]

After the fire a still small voice. --1 Kings xix. 12. [1913 Webster]

Canst thou thunder with a voice like him? --Job xl. 9. [1913 Webster]

The floods have lifted up their voice. --Ps. xciii. 3. [1913 Webster]

O Marcus, I am warm'd; my heart Leaps at the trumpet's voice. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

4. The faculty or power of utterance; as, to cultivate the voice. [1913 Webster]

5. Language; words; speech; expression; signification of feeling or opinion. [1913 Webster]

I desire to be present with you now, and to change my voice; for I stand in doubt of you. --Gal. iv. 20. [1913 Webster]

My voice is in my sword. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Let us call on God in the voice of his church. --Bp. Fell. [1913 Webster]

6. Opinion or choice expressed; judgment; a vote. [1913 Webster]

Sic. How now, my masters! have you chose this man? 1 Cit. He has our voices, sir. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Some laws ordain, and some attend the choice Of holy senates, and elect by voice. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

7. Command; precept; -- now chiefly used in scriptural language. [1913 Webster]

So shall ye perish; because ye would not be obedient unto the voice of the Lord your God. --Deut. viii. 20. [1913 Webster]

8. One who speaks; a speaker. ``A potent voice of Parliament.'' --Tennyson. [1913 Webster]

9. (Gram.) A particular mode of inflecting or conjugating verbs, or a particular form of a verb, by means of which is indicated the relation of the subject of the verb to the action which the verb expresses. [1913 Webster]

{Active voice} (Gram.), that form of the verb by which its subject is represented as the agent or doer of the action expressed by it.

{Chest voice} (Phon.), a kind of voice of a medium or low pitch and of a sonorous quality ascribed to resonance in the chest, or thorax; voice of the thick register. It is produced by vibration of the vocal cords through their entire width and thickness, and with convex surfaces presented to each other.

{Head voice} (Phon.), a kind of voice of high pitch and of a thin quality ascribed to resonance in the head; voice of the thin register; falsetto. In producing it, the vibration of the cords is limited to their thin edges in the upper part, which are then presented to each other.

{Middle voice} (Gram.), that form of the verb by which its subject is represented as both the agent, or doer, and the object of the action, that is, as performing some act to or upon himself, or for his own advantage.

{Passive voice}. (Gram.) See under {Passive}, a.

{Voice glide} (Pron.), the brief and obscure neutral vowel sound that sometimes occurs between two consonants in an unaccented syllable (represented by the apostrophe), as in able (a"b'l). See {Glide}, n., 2.

{Voice stop}. See {Voiced stop}, under {Voiced}, a.

{With one voice}, unanimously. ``All with one voice . . . cried out, Great is Diana of the Ephesians.'' --Acts xix. 34. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Middle voice — Middle Mid dle (m[i^]d d l), a. [OE. middel, AS. middel; akin to D. middel, OHG. muttil, G. mittel. [root]271. See {Mid}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. Equally distant from the extreme either of a number of things or of one thing; mean; medial; as, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • middle voice — middle voice, Grammar. the form of the verb, in Greek and some other languages, which is regularly passive in form but active in meaning, and that normally expresses reflexive or reciprocal action that affects the subject or intransitive… …   Useful english dictionary

  • middle voice — noun The form in which the subject of a verb performs some action upon itself. active voice: Fred shaved John. Syn: mediopassive voice …   Wiktionary

  • middle voice verb — noun verbs in the middle voice, they exist in a few languages like Icelandic : elskast …   Wiktionary

  • middle — [mid′ l] adj. [ME middel < OE < midd ,MID1 + el, LE] 1. halfway between two given points, times, limits, etc.; also, equally distant from all sides or extremities; in the center; mean 2. in between; intermediate; intervening 3. Gram. a …   English World dictionary

  • Middle — Mid dle (m[i^]d d l), a. [OE. middel, AS. middel; akin to D. middel, OHG. muttil, G. mittel. [root]271. See {Mid}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. Equally distant from the extreme either of a number of things or of one thing; mean; medial; as, the middle… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Middle Ages — Middle Mid dle (m[i^]d d l), a. [OE. middel, AS. middel; akin to D. middel, OHG. muttil, G. mittel. [root]271. See {Mid}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. Equally distant from the extreme either of a number of things or of one thing; mean; medial; as, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Middle class — Middle Mid dle (m[i^]d d l), a. [OE. middel, AS. middel; akin to D. middel, OHG. muttil, G. mittel. [root]271. See {Mid}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. Equally distant from the extreme either of a number of things or of one thing; mean; medial; as, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Middle distance — Middle Mid dle (m[i^]d d l), a. [OE. middel, AS. middel; akin to D. middel, OHG. muttil, G. mittel. [root]271. See {Mid}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. Equally distant from the extreme either of a number of things or of one thing; mean; medial; as, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Middle English — Middle Mid dle (m[i^]d d l), a. [OE. middel, AS. middel; akin to D. middel, OHG. muttil, G. mittel. [root]271. See {Mid}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. Equally distant from the extreme either of a number of things or of one thing; mean; medial; as, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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