Relief Re*lief" (r?-l?f"), n. [OE. relef, F. relief, properly, a lifting up, a standing out. See {Relieve}, and cf. {Basrelief}, {Rilievi}.] 1. The act of relieving, or the state of being relieved; the removal, or partial removal, of any evil, or of anything oppressive or burdensome, by which some ease is obtained; succor; alleviation; comfort; ease; redress. [1913 Webster]

He sees the dire contagion spread so fast, That, where it seizes, all relief is vain. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

2. Release from a post, or from the performance of duty, by the intervention of others, by discharge, or by relay; as, a relief of a sentry. [1913 Webster]

For this relief much thanks; 'tis bitter cold. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. That which removes or lessens evil, pain, discomfort, uneasiness, etc.; that which gives succor, aid, or comfort; also, the person who relieves from performance of duty by taking the place of another; a relay. [1913 Webster]

4. (Feudal Law) A fine or composition which the heir of a deceased tenant paid to the lord for the privilege of taking up the estate, which, on strict feudal principles, had lapsed or fallen to the lord on the death of the tenant. [1913 Webster]

5. (Sculp. & Arch.) The projection of a figure above the ground or plane on which it is formed. [1913 Webster]

Note: Relief is of three kinds, namely, {high relief} ({altorilievo}), {low relief}, ({basso-rilievo}), and {demirelief} ({mezzo-rilievo}). See these terms in the Vocabulary. [1913 Webster]

6. (Paint.) The appearance of projection given by shading, shadow, etc., to any figure. [1913 Webster]

7. (Fort.) The height to which works are raised above the bottom of the ditch. --Wilhelm. [1913 Webster]

8. (Physical Geog.) The elevations and surface undulations of a country. --Guyot. [1913 Webster]

{Relief valve}, a valve arranged for relieving pressure of steam, gas, or liquid; an escape valve. [1913 Webster]

Syn: Alleviation; mitigation; aid; help; succor; assistance; remedy; redress; indemnification. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mezzo-rilievo — Mez zo ri*lie vo, n. [It.] (a) A middle degree of relief in figures, between high and low relief. (b) Sculpture in this kind of relief. See under {Alto rilievo}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mezzo-rilievo — mezzo ri·lie·vo …   English syllables

  • mezzo-rilievo — noun see mezzo relievo …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • mezzo-rilievo — /mɛtsoʊ rəˈlivoʊ/ (say metsoh ruh leevoh), / rəlˈjeɪvoʊ/ (say ruhl yayvoh) noun → demirelief. Also, mezzo relievo. {Italian} …   Australian English dictionary

  • mezzo-rilievo — n. a raised surface in the form of half relief, in which the figures project half their true proportions. Etymology: It., = half relief …   Useful english dictionary

  • mezzo-relievo — [met′sōri lē′vō, med′zōri lē′vō, mez′ōri lē′vō] n. pl. mezzo relievos [met′sō ri lē′vōz΄, med′zō ri lē′vōz΄, mez′ō ri lē′vōz΄] [It mezzo rilievo: see MEZZO1 & RELIEF] sculpture in which the figures project halfway from the background …   English World dictionary

  • Mezzo-relievo — Mez zo re*lie vo, n. Mezzo rilievo. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mezzo-relievo — or mezzo rilievo noun (plural vos) Etymology: Italian mezzorilievo, from mezzo + rilievo relief Date: 1598 sculptural relief intermediate between bas relief and high relief …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • mezzo-relievo — noun a sculptural relief between low relief and high relief • Syn: ↑mezzo rilievo, ↑half relief • Hypernyms: ↑relief, ↑relievo, ↑rilievo, ↑embossment, ↑sculptural relief …   Useful english dictionary

  • mezzo-relievo — [ˌmɛtsəʊrɪ lji:vəʊ] noun (plural mezzo relievos) Sculpture another term for half relief. Origin C16: from Ital. mezzo rilievo …   English new terms dictionary

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