Meridian circle
Meridian Me*rid"i*an, n. [F. m['e]ridien. See {Meridian}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. Midday; noon. [1913 Webster]

2. Hence: The highest point, as of success, prosperity, or the like; culmination. [1913 Webster]

I have touched the highest point of all my greatness, And from that full meridian of my glory I haste now to my setting. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. (Astron.) A great circle of the sphere passing through the poles of the heavens and the zenith of a given place. It is crossed by the sun at midday. [1913 Webster]

4. (Geog.) A great circle on the surface of the earth, passing through the poles and any given place; also, the half of such a circle included between the poles. [1913 Webster]

Note: The planes of the geographical and astronomical meridians coincide. Meridians, on a map or globe, are lines drawn at certain intervals due north and south, or in the direction of the poles. [1913 Webster]

{Calculated for the meridian of}, or {fitted to the meridian of}, or {adapted to the meridian of}, suited to the local circumstances, capabilities, or special requirements of. [1913 Webster]

All other knowledge merely serves the concerns of this life, and is fitted to the meridian thereof. --Sir M. Hale. [1913 Webster]

{First meridian} or {prime meridian}, the meridian from which longitudes are reckoned. The meridian of Greenwich is the one commonly employed in calculations of longitude by geographers, and in actual practice, although in various countries other and different meridians, chiefly those which pass through the capitals of the countries, are occasionally used; as, in France, the meridian of Paris; in the United States, the meridian of Washington, etc.

{Guide meridian} (Public Land Survey), a line, marked by monuments, running North and South through a section of country between other more carefully established meridians called principal meridians, used for reference in surveying. [U.S.]

{Magnetic meridian}, a great circle, passing through the zenith and coinciding in direction with the magnetic needle, or a line on the earth's surface having the same direction.

{Meridian circle} (Astron.), an instrument consisting of a telescope attached to a large graduated circle and so mounted that the telescope revolves like the transit instrument in a meridian plane. By it the right ascension and the declination of a star may be measured in a single observation.

{Meridian instrument} (Astron.), any astronomical instrument having a telescope that rotates in a meridian plane.

{Meridian of a globe}, or {Brass meridian}, a graduated circular ring of brass, in which the artificial globe is suspended and revolves. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • meridian circle — Circle Cir cle (s[ e]r k l), n. [OE. cercle, F. cercle, fr. L. circulus (Whence also AS. circul), dim. of circus circle, akin to Gr. kri kos, ki rkos, circle, ring. Cf. {Circus}, {Circum }.] [1913 Webster] 1. A plane figure, bounded by a single… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Meridian circle — Groombridge transit circle of 1806 The meridian circle, transit circle, or transit telescope is an instrument for observing the time of stars passing the meridian, at the same time measuring its angular distance from the zenith. The idea of… …   Wikipedia

  • meridian circle — Astron. a transit instrument provided with a graduated vertical scale, used to measure the declinations of heavenly bodies and to determine the time of meridian transits. Also called circle, transit circle, transit instrument. [1540 50] * * * …   Universalium

  • meridian circle — Any circle on the surface of the earth passing through both the north and south poles. See meridian …   Aviation dictionary

  • meridian circle — noun Astronomy a telescope mounted so as to move only on a North–South line, for observing the transit of celestial objects across the meridian …   English new terms dictionary

  • meridian circle — noun : an astronomical transit instrument having its vertical circle very accurately graduated for precise measurements of declination …   Useful english dictionary

  • Meridian — Me*rid i*an, n. [F. m[ e]ridien. See {Meridian}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. Midday; noon. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence: The highest point, as of success, prosperity, or the like; culmination. [1913 Webster] I have touched the highest point of all my… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Meridian instrument — Meridian Me*rid i*an, n. [F. m[ e]ridien. See {Meridian}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. Midday; noon. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence: The highest point, as of success, prosperity, or the like; culmination. [1913 Webster] I have touched the highest point of all… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Meridian of a globe — Meridian Me*rid i*an, n. [F. m[ e]ridien. See {Meridian}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. Midday; noon. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence: The highest point, as of success, prosperity, or the like; culmination. [1913 Webster] I have touched the highest point of all… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Circle — Cir cle (s[ e]r k l), n. [OE. cercle, F. cercle, fr. L. circulus (Whence also AS. circul), dim. of circus circle, akin to Gr. kri kos, ki rkos, circle, ring. Cf. {Circus}, {Circum }.] [1913 Webster] 1. A plane figure, bounded by a single curve… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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