Meridian Me*rid"i*an, n. [F. m['e]ridien. See {Meridian}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. Midday; noon. [1913 Webster]

2. Hence: The highest point, as of success, prosperity, or the like; culmination. [1913 Webster]

I have touched the highest point of all my greatness, And from that full meridian of my glory I haste now to my setting. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. (Astron.) A great circle of the sphere passing through the poles of the heavens and the zenith of a given place. It is crossed by the sun at midday. [1913 Webster]

4. (Geog.) A great circle on the surface of the earth, passing through the poles and any given place; also, the half of such a circle included between the poles. [1913 Webster]

Note: The planes of the geographical and astronomical meridians coincide. Meridians, on a map or globe, are lines drawn at certain intervals due north and south, or in the direction of the poles. [1913 Webster]

{Calculated for the meridian of}, or {fitted to the meridian of}, or {adapted to the meridian of}, suited to the local circumstances, capabilities, or special requirements of. [1913 Webster]

All other knowledge merely serves the concerns of this life, and is fitted to the meridian thereof. --Sir M. Hale. [1913 Webster]

{First meridian} or {prime meridian}, the meridian from which longitudes are reckoned. The meridian of Greenwich is the one commonly employed in calculations of longitude by geographers, and in actual practice, although in various countries other and different meridians, chiefly those which pass through the capitals of the countries, are occasionally used; as, in France, the meridian of Paris; in the United States, the meridian of Washington, etc.

{Guide meridian} (Public Land Survey), a line, marked by monuments, running North and South through a section of country between other more carefully established meridians called principal meridians, used for reference in surveying. [U.S.]

{Magnetic meridian}, a great circle, passing through the zenith and coinciding in direction with the magnetic needle, or a line on the earth's surface having the same direction.

{Meridian circle} (Astron.), an instrument consisting of a telescope attached to a large graduated circle and so mounted that the telescope revolves like the transit instrument in a meridian plane. By it the right ascension and the declination of a star may be measured in a single observation.

{Meridian instrument} (Astron.), any astronomical instrument having a telescope that rotates in a meridian plane.

{Meridian of a globe}, or {Brass meridian}, a graduated circular ring of brass, in which the artificial globe is suspended and revolves. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Meridian — Meridian, or a meridian line may refer to: Contents 1 Earth science 2 United States geography 3 Arts and entertainment …   Wikipedia

  • meridian — MERIDIÁN, meridiane, s.n., adj. 1. s.n. Fiecare dintre liniile imaginare care rezultă din intersecţia suprafeţei Pământului cu serniplanul sprijinit pe axa geografică, constituind liniile de reper pentru măsurarea longitudinii geografice. ♢… …   Dicționar Român

  • Meridian — Meridian, NY U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 350 Housing Units (2000): 120 Land area (2000): 0.692018 sq. miles (1.792318 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.692018 sq. miles (1.792318… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Meridian — Me*rid i*an, a. [F. m[ e]ridien, L. meridianus pertaining to noon, fr. meridies noon, midday, for older medidies; medius mid, middle + dies day. See {Mid}, and {Diurnal}.] 1. Being at, or pertaining to, midday; belonging to, or passing through,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Meridian — est un comics publié par CrossGen, scénarisé par Barbara Kesel et dessiné par Joshua Middleton puis Steve McNiven, qui dura 44 épisodes. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 À noter 3 Publications 4 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Meridian — Meridian. Wenn man sich durch irgend einen beliebigen Ort der Erdoberfläche eine gerade Linie gezogen denkt, und zwar in solcher Richtung, daß deren Endpunkte die beiden Pole der Erde treffen, so ist diese Linie ein Meridian, und heißt der… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • meridian — (n.) mid 14c., noon, from O.Fr. meridien of the noon time, midday; the Meridian; southerner (12c.), and directly from L. meridianus of midday, of noon, southerly, to the south, from meridies noon, south, from meridie at noon, altered by… …   Etymology dictionary

  • meridian — [mə rid′ē ən] adj. [OFr meridien < L meridianus, of noon, southern < meridies, noon, the south < older medidies < medius,MID1 + dies, day: see DEITY] 1. of or at noon 2. of or passing through the highest point in the daily course of… …   English World dictionary

  • Meridian — Meridiān (lat.), Mittagskreis, der durch die beiden Pole und durch das Zenith und Nadir eines Ortes der Erde gezogene Kreis der Himmelskugel, der den Äquator und Horizont senkrecht durchschneidet. Alle auf einer durch die Pole begrenzten… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • meridian — ► NOUN 1) a circle of constant longitude passing through a given place on the earth s surface and the poles. 2) Astronomy a circle passing through the celestial poles and the zenith of a given place on the earth s surface. 3) any of twelve… …   English terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”