Mercerize
Mercerize Mer"cer*ize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {-ized}; p. pr. & vb. n. {-izing}.] [From (John) Mercer (1791-1866), an English calico printer who introduced the process + -ize.] To treat (cotton fiber or fabrics) with a solution of caustic alkali. Such treatment causes the fiber to shrink in length and become stronger and more receptive of dyes. If the yarn or cloth is kept under tension during the process, it assumes a silky luster. -- {Mer`cer*i*za"tion}, n. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • mercerize — (Amer.) mer·cer·ize || mÉœrsÉ™raɪz / mɜːs v. (Textile) chemically treat fibers to strengthen them and improve their luster and color qualities (also mercerise) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • mercerize — [mʉr′sər īz΄] vt. mercerized, mercerizing [after J. Mercer (1791 1866), Eng calico dealer] to treat (cotton thread or fabric) under tension with a caustic soda solution in order to strengthen it, give it a silky luster, and make it more receptive …   English World dictionary

  • mercerize — transitive verb ( ized; izing) Etymology: John Mercer died 1866 English calico printer Date: 1852 to give (as cotton yarn) luster, strength, and receptiveness to dyes by treatment under tension with caustic soda • mercerization noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • mercerize — mercerization, n. mercerizer, n. /merr seuh ruyz /, v.t., mercerized, mercerizing. to treat (cotton yarns or fabric) with caustic alkali under tension, in order to increase strength, luster, and affinity for dye. Also, esp. Brit., mercerise.… …   Universalium

  • mercerize — verb To treat cotton fabric with sodium hydroxide to make it more lustrous and accepting of dyes …   Wiktionary

  • Mercerize —    John Mercer (1791 1866) worked in his father s cotton mill in Lancaster, England, and, through a fellow worker, learned to read and write when he was ten years old. John s primary interest, which had been music, changed to the art of dyeing… …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • mercerize — or mercerise verb [often as adjective mercerized] treat (cotton fabric or thread) under tension with caustic alkali to impart strength and lustre. Origin C19: from John Mercer, said to have invented the process, + ize …   English new terms dictionary

  • mercerize — mer·cer·ize …   English syllables

  • mercerize — mer•cer•ize [[t]ˈmɜr səˌraɪz[/t]] v. t. ized, iz•ing tex to treat (cotton yarns or fabric) with caustic alkali under tension, in order to increase strength, luster, and affinity for dye • Etymology: 1855–60; after John Mercer (1791–1866), English …   From formal English to slang

  • mercerize — v.tr. (also ise) treat (cotton fabric or thread) under tension with caustic alkali to give greater strength and impart lustre. Etymology: J. Mercer, alleged inventor of the process d. 1866 …   Useful english dictionary

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