Mercerization
Mercerize Mer"cer*ize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {-ized}; p. pr. & vb. n. {-izing}.] [From (John) Mercer (1791-1866), an English calico printer who introduced the process + -ize.] To treat (cotton fiber or fabrics) with a solution of caustic alkali. Such treatment causes the fiber to shrink in length and become stronger and more receptive of dyes. If the yarn or cloth is kept under tension during the process, it assumes a silky luster. -- {Mer`cer*i*za"tion}, n. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • mercerization — (Amer.) n. chemical treatment for cotton fabric and fibers to strengthen them and improve their color qualities (Textile) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • mercerization — merserizavimas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Medvilninių, lininių audinių arba celiuliozės apdorojimas koncentruotu NaOH tirpalu. atitikmenys: angl. mercerization; mercerizing; steeping treatment rus. мерсеризация …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • mercerization — noun see mercerize …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • mercerization — Chemical treatment applied to cotton fibres or fabrics to make them permanently able to accept dyes and various chemical finishes more easily. The method, patented in 1850 by the English calico printer John Mercer, also gives cotton cloth… …   Universalium

  • mercerization — mer·cer·i·za·tion …   English syllables

  • mercerization — ˌ ̷ ̷sərə̇ˈzāshən, ˌrīˈz noun ( s) : the act or process of mercerizing …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mercerized cotton — Mercerization is a treatment for cotton fabric and thread that gives fabric a lustrous appearance. The process is applied to materials like cotton or hemp.The process was devised in 1844 by John Mercer of Great Harwood, Lancashire, England, who… …   Wikipedia

  • mercerize — mercerization, n. mercerizer, n. /merr seuh ruyz /, v.t., mercerized, mercerizing. to treat (cotton yarns or fabric) with caustic alkali under tension, in order to increase strength, luster, and affinity for dye. Also, esp. Brit., mercerise.… …   Universalium

  • mercerizations — mercerization (Amer.) n. chemical treatment for cotton fabric and fibers to strengthen them and improve their color qualities (Textile) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Mercerised cotton — yarn reels …   Wikipedia

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