Martingale Mar"tin*gale, Martingal Mar"tin*gal, n. [F. martingale; cf. It. martingala a sort of hose, martingale, Sp. martingala a greave, cuish, martingale, Sp. alm['a]rtaga a kind of bridle.] 1. A strap fastened to a horse's girth, passing between his fore legs, and fastened to the bit, or now more commonly ending in two rings, through which the reins pass. It is intended to hold down the head of the horse, and prevent him from rearing. [1913 Webster]

2. (Naut.) A lower stay of rope or chain for the jib boom or flying jib boom, fastened to, or reeved through, the dolphin striker. Also, the dolphin striker itself. [1913 Webster]

3. (Gambling) The act of doubling, at each stake, that which has been lost on the preceding stake; also, the sum so risked; -- metaphorically derived from the bifurcation of the martingale of a harness. Called also {Martingale strategy}. Such a betting strategy does not change the overall likelihood of winning, but in a short run it increases the probability of winning a small sum, balancing it against an increased probability of losing a large sum. [Cant] --Thackeray. [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • martingale — [ martɛ̃gal ] n. f. • 1611; chausses à la martinguale 1491; provenç. martegalo, de Martigues I ♦ 1 ♦ Courroie du harnais du cheval, qui relie la sangle (sous le ventre de l animal) à la partie de la bride qui passe sur le chanfrein. 2 ♦ (1873)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Martingale — can refer to: Martingale (probability theory), a stochastic process in which the conditional expectation of the next value, given the current and preceding values, is the current value Martingale (tack) for horses Martingale (collar) for dogs and …   Wikipedia

  • martingale — 1580s, from M.Fr. martingale (16c.), of uncertain origin, perhaps from O.Prov. martegalo, fem. of martegal inhabitant of Martigue, making the etymological sense worn in the manner of the people of Martigue; or perhaps from Sp. almartaga, word for …   Etymology dictionary

  • Martingale — (v. fr., spr. Martängal), so v.w. Sprungriemen. M. spielen, in Hazardspielen den verlorenen Satz so lange verdoppeln, bis man durch einen Treffer den Betrag des ersten Satzes als Gewinn erhält; sehr gefährlich, weil man oft eine sehr große Summe… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • martingale — ► NOUN 1) a strap or set of straps running from the noseband or reins to the girth of a horse, used to prevent the horse from raising its head too high. 2) a gambling system that involves a continual doubling of the stakes. ORIGIN French, from an …   English terms dictionary

  • martingale — [mär′t ngal΄märt′ n gāl΄] n. [Fr, prob. < Sp almártaga, a check, rein < Ar] 1. the strap of a horse s harness passing from the noseband to the girth between the forelegs, to keep the horse from rearing or throwing back its head: see HARNESS …   English World dictionary

  • Martingale — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Martingale (homonymie). Une martingale est une technique donnant l illusion d augmenter les chances de gain aux jeux de hasard tout en respectant les règles de jeu. Le principe dépend complètement du type de jeu… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • martingale — (mar tin ga l ) s. f. 1°   Chausses a la martingale, culottes dont le pont était placé par derrière ; c est le sens ancien et primitif. 2°   Par assimilation au pont de cette ancienne culotte, courroie simple ou bifurquée, qui, attachée par un… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Martingale — Pfade von zwei kompensierten zusammengesetzten Poisson Prozessen. Die Int …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MARTINGALE — s. f. T. de Manége. Courroie qui tient par un bout à la sangle sous le ventre du cheval, et par l autre à la muserolle, pour empêcher qu il ne porte au vent et ne donne de la tête. MARTINGALE, en termes de Jeu, Manière de jouer qui consiste à… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

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