Asbestus
Asbestus As*bes"tus, Asbestos As*bes"tos (?; 277), n. [L. asbestos (NL. asbestus) a kind of mineral unaffected by fire, Gr. ? (prop. an adj.) inextinguishable; 'a priv. + ? to extinguish.] (Min.) A variety of amphibole or of pyroxene, occurring in long and delicate fibers, or in fibrous masses or seams, usually of a white, gray, or green-gray color. The name is also given to a similar variety of serpentine. [1913 Webster]

Note: The finer varieties have been wrought into gloves and cloth which are incombustible. The cloth was formerly used as a shroud for dead bodies, and has been recommended for firemen's clothes. Asbestus in also employed in the manufacture of iron safes, for fireproof roofing, and for lampwicks. Some varieties are called amianthus. --Dana. Since the discovery, in the 1960's, of the ability of certain types of asbestos to cause lung cancer, its use has been more restricted, and precautions are taken to avoid inhalation of asbestos dust. Also, a debilitating lung disease, termed asbestosis, has been attributed to its inhalation. Lawsuits against the Johns-Manville corporation by those claiming to have been injured by asbestos resulted in the bankruptcy of that corporation, and the transfer of its assets to the claimants. (ca. 1985) [1913 Webster+PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • asbestus — Amphibole Am phi*bole ([a^]m f[i^]*b[=o]l), n. [Gr. amfi bolos doubtful, equivocal, fr. amfiba llein to throw round, to doubt: cf. F. amphibole. Ha[ u]y so named the genus from the great variety of color and composition assumed by the mineral.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • asbestus — as·bes·tus …   English syllables

  • asbestus — noun see asbestos I …   Useful english dictionary

  • blue asbestus — Crocidolite Cro*cid o*lite (kr? s?d ? l?t), n. [Gr. kroky s nap on cloth + lite.] (Min.) A mineral occuring in silky fibers of a lavender blue color. It is related to hornblende and is essentially a silicate of iron and soda; called also {blue… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Blue asbestus — Blue Blue (bl[=u]), a. [Compar. {Bluer} (bl[=u] [ e]r); superl. {Bluest}.] [OE. bla, blo, blew, blue, livid, black, fr. Icel.bl[=a]r livid; akin to Dan. blaa blue, Sw. bl[*a], D. blauw, OHG. bl[=a]o, G. blau; but influenced in form by F. bleu,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Asbestos — Asbestus As*bes tus, Asbestos As*bes tos (?; 277), n. [L. asbestos (NL. asbestus) a kind of mineral unaffected by fire, Gr. ? (prop. an adj.) inextinguishable; a priv. + ? to extinguish.] (Min.) A variety of amphibole or of pyroxene, occurring in …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • American laurel — Mountain Moun tain (moun t[i^]n), a. 1. Of or pertaining to a mountain or mountains; growing or living on a mountain; found on or peculiar to mountains; among mountains; as, a mountain torrent; mountain pines; mountain goats; mountain air;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Arnica montana — Mountain Moun tain (moun t[i^]n), a. 1. Of or pertaining to a mountain or mountains; growing or living on a mountain; found on or peculiar to mountains; among mountains; as, a mountain torrent; mountain pines; mountain goats; mountain air;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bauhinia variegata — Mountain Moun tain (moun t[i^]n), a. 1. Of or pertaining to a mountain or mountains; growing or living on a mountain; found on or peculiar to mountains; among mountains; as, a mountain torrent; mountain pines; mountain goats; mountain air;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • calico bush — Mountain Moun tain (moun t[i^]n), a. 1. Of or pertaining to a mountain or mountains; growing or living on a mountain; found on or peculiar to mountains; among mountains; as, a mountain torrent; mountain pines; mountain goats; mountain air;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”