Mandarin Man`da*rin", n. [Pg. mandarim, from Malay mantr[=i] minister of state, prop. a Hind. word, fr. Skr. mantrin a counselor, manira a counsel, man to think.] 1. A Chinese public officer or nobleman; a civil or military official in China and Annam. [1913 Webster]

2. Hence: A powerful government official or bureaucrat, especially one who is pedantic and has a strong sense of his own importance and privelege. [PJC]

3. Hence: A member of an influential, powerful or elite group, espcially within artistic or intellectual circles; -- used especially of elder members who are traditionalist or conservative about their specialties. [PJC]

5. The form of the Chinese language spoken by members of the Chinese Imperial Court an officials of the empire. [PJC]

6. Any of several closely related dialects of the Chinese language spoken by a mojority of the population of China, the standard variety of which is spoken in the region around Beijing. [PJC]

7. (Bot.) A small flattish reddish-orange loose-skinned orange, with an easily separable rind. It is thought to be of Chinese origin, and is counted a distinct species ({Citrus reticulata} formerly {Citrus nobilis}); called also {mandarin orange} and {tangerine}. [1913 Webster]

{Mandarin language}, the spoken or colloquial language of educated people in China.

{Mandarin yellow} (Chem.), an artificial aniline dyestuff used for coloring silk and wool, and regarded as a complex derivative of quinoline. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • (Mandarin) — (Mandarin) …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • mandarin — [ mɑ̃darɛ̃ ] n. m. • 1581; port. mandarim, altér. d apr. mandar « mander, ordonner », du malais mantari « conseiller » 1 ♦ Hist. Haut fonctionnaire de l empire chinois, coréen. Les mandarins étaient généralement recrutés par concours parmi les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mandarin — steht für: Mandarin (Titel), ein Beamtentitel im kaiserlichen China Nordchinesische Dialekte, chinesische Dialekte Hochchinesisch, ein bestimmter nordchinesischer Dialekt Javanese Katze (Synonyme: Orientalisch Langhaar, Mandarin) Mandarin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mandarin — Sm chinesischer Würdenträger erw. exot. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt, wohl aus dem Portugiesischen. Das Wort ist eigentlich indisch (ai. mantrín Ratgeber eines Fürsten zu ai. mántra Rede, Ratschlag ) und wurde von den Portugiesen in der Form… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Mandarín — puede referirse a: Chino mandarín, referido al conjunto de dialectos chinos. Mandarín (burócrata), antiguo funcionario de China y otro países asiáticos. Mandarín (cómic), supervillano de Marvel Comics. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga… …   Wikipedia Español

  • mandarin — [ˈmændərın] n [Sense: 1; Date: 1700 1800; : French; Origin: mandarine, from Spanish mandarina, probably from mandarín MANDARIN3 ; perhaps because mandarins wore orange colored clothes.] [Sense: 2 3; Date: 1500 1600; : Portuguese; Origin: mandarim …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • mandarín — sustantivo masculino 1. Área: linguística Variedad lingüística del chino, oficial en China, que es la más hablada del mundo: hablar mandarín. 2. Funcionario, civil o militar, en la antigua China imperial …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • mandarin — ► NOUN 1) (Mandarin) the standard literary and official form of Chinese. 2) a high ranking official in the former imperial Chinese civil service. 3) a powerful official or senior bureaucrat. 4) (also mandarine) a small citrus fruit with a loose… …   English terms dictionary

  • mandarin — [man′də rin] n. [Port mandarim, altered (infl. by mandar, to command < L mandare: see MANDATE) < Hindi mantrī, minister of state < Sans mantrin, counselor < mantár , thinker < IE base * men , to think > MIND, Gr mentór, Sans… …   English World dictionary

  • Mandarin — Mandarīn (die europ. Entstellung des sanskrit. mantrin, d.i. Ratgeber, gebildet), Titel der Würdenträger Chinas …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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