malaria ma*la"ri*a, n. [It., contr. fr. malaaria bad air. See {Malice}, and Air.] 1. Air infected with some noxious substance capable of engendering disease; esp., an unhealthy exhalation from certain soils, as marshy or wet lands, producing fevers; miasma. [Archaic] [1913 Webster]

Note: The morbific agent in malaria is supposed by some to be a vegetable microbe or its spores, and by others to be a very minute animal blood parasite (an infusorian). [1913 Webster]

2. (Med.) A human disease caused by infection of red blood cells by a protozoan of the genus {Plasmodium}, giving rise to fever and chills and many other symptoms, characterized by their tendency to recur at definite and usually uniform intervals. The protozoal infection is usually transmitted from another infected individual by the bite of an {Anopheles} mosquito. [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Malaria — Classification and external resources Ring forms and gametocytes of Plasmodium falciparum in human blood. ICD 10 B …   Wikipedia

  • Malaria — Trofozoítos (formas anulares) y gametocitos de Plasmodium falciparum en sangre humana. Clasificación y recursos externos …   Wikipedia Español

  • malaria — [ malarja ] n. f. • 1821; mot it., littéralt « mauvais (mala) air (aria) » ♦ Paludisme. ● malaria nom féminin Synonyme de paludisme. malaria n. f. Paludisme. ⇒MALARIA, subst. fém. A. Vieilli. Émanations provenant des marécages, qu on croyait être …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Malaria — Sf (eine Infektionskrankheit) erw. fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus it. malaria, einer Zusammenrückung aus it. male schlecht und it. aria Luft , also schlechte Luft , neben it. mala d aria Luftkrankheit . So bezeichnet nach der bis ins 19 …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Malarĭa — (v. ital. mala aria, »schlechte Luft«, ital. Aria cattiva, Sumpfmiasma, Sumpfluft, Wechselfieber), eine in sumpfigen Gegenden namentlich warmer und tropischer Länder häufige Krankheit, die früher auf schlechte, in die Luft übergehende… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Malaria — skyldes malariaparasitten, Plasmodium, som er en lille encellet organisme, der lever som parasit i mennesker og i en bestemt myggeart ved navn Anopheles. Der findes fire typer malariaparasitter. Man regner med, at der er mellem 300 500 millioner… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • malaria — f. parasit. Paludismo. Medical Dictionary. 2011 …   Diccionario médico

  • Malaria — (f), Sumpffieber (n) eng malaria …   Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz Glossar

  • malária — s. f. Doença infecciosa causada por parasitas do sangue do gênero Plasmodium, transmitida ao homem pelo mosquito anófele, que se manifesta geralmente por sezões. = IMPALUDISMO, PALUDISMO, SEZONISMO   ‣ Etimologia: italiano malaria …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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