Artificial person
Person Per"son, n. [OE. persone, persoun, person, parson, OF. persone, F. personne, L. persona a mask (used by actors), a personage, part, a person, fr. personare to sound through; per + sonare to sound. See {Per-}, and cf. {Parson}.] 1. A character or part, as in a play; a specific kind or manifestation of individual character, whether in real life, or in literary or dramatic representation; an assumed character. [Archaic] [1913 Webster]

His first appearance upon the stage in his new person of a sycophant or juggler. --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

No man can long put on a person and act a part. --Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster]

To bear rule, which was thy part And person, hadst thou known thyself aright. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

How different is the same man from himself, as he sustains the person of a magistrate and that of a friend! --South. [1913 Webster]

2. The bodily form of a human being; body; outward appearance; as, of comely person. [1913 Webster]

A fair persone, and strong, and young of age. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

If it assume my noble father's person. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Love, sweetness, goodness, in her person shined. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

3. A living, self-conscious being, as distinct from an animal or a thing; a moral agent; a human being; a man, woman, or child. [1913 Webster]

Consider what person stands for; which, I think, is a thinking, intelligent being, that has reason and reflection. --Locke. [1913 Webster]

4. A human being spoken of indefinitely; one; a man; as, any person present. [1913 Webster]

5. A parson; the parish priest. [Obs.] --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

6. (Theol.) Among Trinitarians, one of the three subdivisions of the Godhead (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost); an hypostasis. ``Three persons and one God.'' --Bk. of Com. Prayer. [1913 Webster]

7. (Gram.) One of three relations or conditions (that of speaking, that of being spoken to, and that of being spoken of) pertaining to a noun or a pronoun, and thence also to the verb of which it may be the subject. [1913 Webster]

Note: A noun or pronoun, when representing the speaker, is said to be in the first person; when representing what is spoken to, in the second person; when representing what is spoken of, in the third person. [1913 Webster]

8. (Biol.) A shoot or bud of a plant; a polyp or zooid of the compound Hydrozoa Anthozoa, etc.; also, an individual, in the narrowest sense, among the higher animals. --Haeckel. [1913 Webster]

True corms, composed of united person[ae] . . . usually arise by gemmation, . . . yet in sponges and corals occasionally by fusion of several originally distinct persons. --Encyc. Brit. [1913 Webster]

{Artificial person}, or {Fictitious person} (Law), a corporation or body politic; -- this term is used in contrast with {natural person}, a real human being. See also {legal person}. --Blackstone.

{Legal person} (Law), an individual or group that is allowed by law to take legal action, as plaintiff or defendent. It may include natural persons as well as fictitious persons (such as corporations).

{Natural person} (Law), a man, woman, or child, in distinction from a corporation.

{In person}, by one's self; with bodily presence; not by representative. ``The king himself in person is set forth.'' --Shak.

{In the person of}, in the place of; acting for. --Shak. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • artificial person — n: legal person compare natural person Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Artificial person — Artificial Ar ti*fi cial, a. [L. artificialis, fr. artificium: cf. F. artificiel. See {Artifice}.] 1. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial heat or light, gems, salts,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • artificial person — ➔ person * * * artificial person UK US noun [C] (plural artificial persons) LAW ► LEGAL PERSON(Cf. ↑legal person) …   Financial and business terms

  • artificial person — noun : juristic person * * * Law. See under person (def. 11). * * * artificial person, Law. a corporation; person …   Useful english dictionary

  • artificial person — An entity that is recognized by the law as a legal person, i.e. one having legal rights and duties distinct from the individuals who comprise it. For example, a company is a person in the sense that it can sue and be sued, hold property, etc., in …   Accounting dictionary

  • artificial person — An entity that is recognized by the law as a legal person, i. e. one having legal rights and duties distinct from the individuals who comprise it. For example, a company is a person in the sense that it can sue and be sued, hold property, etc. ,… …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • artificial person — A person created by law or by authority of law, such as a corporation, as distinguished from a natural person, that is, a human being. See 18 Am J2d Corp § 20 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • artificial person — Law. See under person (def. 11). * * * …   Universalium

  • artificial person — /atəfɪʃəl ˈpɜsən/ (say ahtuhfishuhl persuhn) noun Law a body invested by law with a legal personality, such as a corporation (opposed to natural person) …   Australian English dictionary

  • artificial — artificial, factitious, synthetic, ersatz mean not brought into being by nature but by human art or effort or by some process of manufacture. They are not often interchangeable because of differences in some of their implications and in their… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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