Artificial classification
Artificial Ar`ti*fi"cial, a. [L. artificialis, fr. artificium: cf. F. artificiel. See {Artifice}.] 1. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial heat or light, gems, salts, minerals, fountains, flowers. [1913 Webster]

Artificial strife Lives in these touches, livelier than life. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. Feigned; fictitious; assumed; affected; not genuine. ``Artificial tears.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. Artful; cunning; crafty. [Obs.] --Shak. [1913 Webster]

4. Cultivated; not indigenous; not of spontaneous growth; as, artificial grasses. --Gibbon. [1913 Webster]

{Artificial arguments} (Rhet.), arguments invented by the speaker, in distinction from laws, authorities, and the like, which are called inartificial arguments or proofs. --Johnson.

{Artificial classification} (Science), an arrangement based on superficial characters, and not expressing the true natural relations species; as, ``the artificial system'' in botany, which is the same as the Linn[ae]an system.

{Artificial horizon}. See under {Horizon}.

{Artificial light}, any light other than that which proceeds from the heavenly bodies.

{Artificial lines}, lines on a sector or scale, so contrived as to represent the logarithmic sines and tangents, which, by the help of the line of numbers, solve, with tolerable exactness, questions in trigonometry, navigation, etc.

{Artificial numbers}, logarithms.

{Artificial person} (Law). See under {Person}.

{Artificial sines}, {tangents}, etc., the same as logarithms of the natural sines, tangents, etc. --Hutton. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Artificial classification — Classification Clas si*fi*ca tion, n. [Cf. F. classification.] The act of forming into a class or classes; a distribution into groups, as classes, orders, families, etc., according to some common relations or affinities. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • artificial classification — A classification based on convenient and conspicuous diagnostic characters, ignoring characters indicating relationship; often a classification based on a single character instead of an evaluation of all of the characters; see classification,… …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • artificial classification — a classification based on characters selected for their utility and not indicative of phylogenetic relationships …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • Artificial classification — Искусственная классификация …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

  • Artificial — Ar ti*fi cial, a. [L. artificialis, fr. artificium: cf. F. artificiel. See {Artifice}.] 1. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial heat or light, gems, salts, minerals,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Artificial arguments — Artificial Ar ti*fi cial, a. [L. artificialis, fr. artificium: cf. F. artificiel. See {Artifice}.] 1. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial heat or light, gems, salts,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Artificial horizon — Artificial Ar ti*fi cial, a. [L. artificialis, fr. artificium: cf. F. artificiel. See {Artifice}.] 1. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial heat or light, gems, salts,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Artificial light — Artificial Ar ti*fi cial, a. [L. artificialis, fr. artificium: cf. F. artificiel. See {Artifice}.] 1. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial heat or light, gems, salts,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Artificial lines — Artificial Ar ti*fi cial, a. [L. artificialis, fr. artificium: cf. F. artificiel. See {Artifice}.] 1. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial heat or light, gems, salts,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Artificial numbers — Artificial Ar ti*fi cial, a. [L. artificialis, fr. artificium: cf. F. artificiel. See {Artifice}.] 1. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial heat or light, gems, salts,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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