maidism
Pellagra Pel"la*gra (p[e^]l"l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal disturbance and nervous symptoms. It is due to a deficiency of niacin in the diet, and may be caused by malnutrition, or, in some cases, by a heavy dependence on maize for food. It was at one time (ca. 1890) endemic in Northern Italy, and was called {Alpine scurvy}. It may also be caused by alcoholism or diease causing an impairment of nutrition. It is also called {St. Ignatius's itch}, {maidism}, {mal de la rosa}, {mal rosso}, and {psychoneurosis maidica}. A variety of pellagra seen in children is called {infantile pellagra} or {kwashiorkor}. --[Stedman] [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • maidism — noun a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders; may be caused by… …   Useful english dictionary

  • maidism — SYN: pellagra. [Zea mays, maize] …   Medical dictionary

  • Old-maidism — Old maid ism, n. The condition or characteristics of an old maid. G. Eliot. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • old-maidism — old maidˈhood or old maidˈism noun • • • Main Entry: ↑old …   Useful english dictionary

  • -ism — suffix forming nouns, esp. denoting: 1 an action or its result (baptism; organism). 2 a system, principle, or ideological movement (Conservatism; jingoism; feminism). 3 a state or quality (heroism; barbarism). 4 a basis of prejudice or… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alpine scurvy — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • infantile pellagra — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • kwashiorkor — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mal de la rosa — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mal rosso — Pellagra Pel la*gra (p[e^]l l[.a]*gr[.a]), n. [It. pelle skin + agro rough.] (Med.) An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of the skin, and accompanied with severe gastrointestinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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