Mahatma
Mahatma Ma*hat"ma, n. [Skr. mah[=a]tman, lit., great-souled, wise.] (Theosophy) One of a class of sages, or ``adepts,'' reputed to have knowledge and powers of a higher order than those of ordinary men.

Note: The title was popularly applied to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in tribute to his wisdom, though not implying any supernatural powers; he is thus often referred to as Mahatma Ghandi or The Mahatma. He was most noted for his advocacy of non-violence in resisting oppression, and played an important role in convincing Great Britain to grant independence to India and Pakistan. -- {Ma*hat"ma*ism}, n. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • mahatma — [ maatma ] n. m. • v. 1902; mot hindi, du sanskr. « qui possède une grande âme » ♦ Nom donné, dans l Inde moderne, à des chefs spirituels, sages et ascètes. Le mahatma Gandhi. Des mahatmas. ● mahatma nom masculin (mot sanskrit signifiant grande… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mahatma — Mahātmā signifie en hindî Grande âme (महात्मा mahātmā: महा mahā (grande) + आत्मं ou आत्मन ātman [âme]); il a un usage similaire au terme chrétien saint. Un Mahâtma est un Grand sage , un Maître de sagesse . Sommaire 1 Dans l hindouisme 2 Dans la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • mahatma — MAHÁTMA s.m. Titlu dat în India asceţilor, oamenilor consideraţi sfinţi şi persoanelor de mare merit şi de înaltă spiritualitate. [< fr., it., sanscr. mahatma – suflet mare]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 24.05.2005. Sursa: DN  MAHÁTMA s. m. titlu… …   Dicționar Român

  • Mahatma — o Māhatma es un título religioso hindú. Proviene del sánscrito (महात्मा māha, gran y atman, alma: gran alma). Este título le fue otorgado por su pueblo a Mohandas Karamchad Gandhi, a quien se le considera el padre de la independencia de la India …   Wikipedia Español

  • mahatma — mahàtma m DEFINICIJA 1. titula koja se u Indiji daje značajnoj i uglednoj ličnosti 2. indijski pustinjak, asket posebnog stupnja znanja, duhovne čistoće i usavršenosti ETIMOLOGIJA skr. mahātma: veliki duh …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • mahatma — mahatmà dkt. Mahatmà Gándis …   Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos žodyno antraštynas

  • mahatma — (del sánscrito; pronunciamos majadma ) sustantivo masculino 1. Pragmática: tratamiento. Título que se da al jefe espiritual de la India: El mahatma Gandhi ha sido uno de los personajes más carismáticos de este siglo …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • mahatma — [mə hat′mə, məhät′mə] n. [Sans mahātman < mahā, great (see MAGNI ) + ātman,ATMAN] in India, any of a class of wise and holy persons held in special regard or reverence: Mohandas Gandhi was called Mahatma …   English World dictionary

  • mahatma — 1884, lit. great souled, from Skt. mahatman, from maha great, from PIE root *meg great (see MAGNATE (Cf. magnate)) + atman, soul, principle of life, properly breath; cognate with O.E. æðm breath. In esoteric Buddhism, a person of supernatural pow …   Etymology dictionary

  • mahatma — ► NOUN ▪ (in the Indian subcontinent) a holy person or sage. ORIGIN Sanskrit, great soul …   English terms dictionary

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