Lying
Lie Lie, v. i. [imp. {Lay} (l[=a]); p. p. {Lain} (l[=a]n), ({Lien} (l[imac]"[e^]n), Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. {Lying}.] [OE. lien, liggen, AS. licgan; akin to D. liggen, OHG. ligen, licken, G. liegen, Icel. liggja, Sw. ligga, Dan. ligge, Goth. ligan, Russ. lejate, L. lectus bed, Gr. le`chos bed, le`xasqai to lie. Cf. {Lair}, {Law}, {Lay}, v. t., {Litter}, {Low}, adj.] 1. To rest extended on the ground, a bed, or any support; to be, or to put one's self, in an horizontal position, or nearly so; to be prostate; to be stretched out; -- often with down, when predicated of living creatures; as, the book lies on the table; the snow lies on the roof; he lies in his coffin. [1913 Webster]

The watchful traveler . . . Lay down again, and closed his weary eyes. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

2. To be situated; to occupy a certain place; as, Ireland lies west of England; the meadows lie along the river; the ship lay in port. [1913 Webster]

3. To abide; to remain for a longer or shorter time; to be in a certain state or condition; as, to lie waste; to lie fallow; to lie open; to lie hid; to lie grieving; to lie under one's displeasure; to lie at the mercy of the waves; the paper does not lie smooth on the wall. [1913 Webster]

4. To be or exist; to belong or pertain; to have an abiding place; to consist; -- with in. [1913 Webster]

Envy lies between beings equal in nature, though unequal in circumstances. --Collier. [1913 Webster]

He that thinks that diversion may not lie in hard labor, forgets the early rising and hard riding of huntsmen. --Locke. [1913 Webster]

5. To lodge; to sleep. [1913 Webster]

Whiles I was now trifling at home, I saw London, . . . where I lay one night only. --Evelyn. [1913 Webster]

Mr. Quinion lay at our house that night. --Dickens. [1913 Webster]

6. To be still or quiet, like one lying down to rest. [1913 Webster]

The wind is loud and will not lie. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

7. (Law) To be sustainable; to be capable of being maintained. ``An appeal lies in this case.'' --Parsons. [1913 Webster]

Note: Through ignorance or carelessness speakers and writers often confuse the forms of the two distinct verbs lay and lie. Lay is a transitive verb, and has for its preterit laid; as, he told me to lay it down, and I laid it down. Lie is intransitive, and has for its preterit lay; as, he told me to lie down, and I lay down. Some persons blunder by using laid for the preterit of lie; as, he told me to lie down, and I laid down. So persons often say incorrectly, the ship laid at anchor; they laid by during the storm; the book was laying on the shelf, etc. It is only necessary to remember, in all such cases, that laid is the preterit of lay, and not of lie. [1913 Webster]

{To lie along the shore} (Naut.), to coast, keeping land in sight.

{To lie at the door of}, to be imputable to; as, the sin, blame, etc., lies at your door.

{To lie at the heart}, to be an object of affection, desire, or anxiety. --Sir W. Temple.

{To lie at the mercy of}, to be in the power of.

{To lie by}. (a) To remain with; to be at hand; as, he has the manuscript lying by him. (b) To rest; to intermit labor; as, we lay by during the heat of the day.

{To lie hard} or {To lie heavy}, to press or weigh; to bear hard.

{To lie in}, to be in childbed; to bring forth young.

{To lie in one}, to be in the power of; to belong to. ``As much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men.'' --Rom. xii. 18.

{To lie in the way}, to be an obstacle or impediment.

{To lie in wait}, to wait in concealment; to lie in ambush.

{To lie on} or {To lie upon}. (a) To depend on; as, his life lies on the result. (b) To bear, rest, press, or weigh on.

{To lie low}, to remain in concealment or inactive. [Slang]

{To lie on hand},

{To lie on one's hands}, to remain unsold or unused; as, the goods are still lying on his hands; they have too much time lying on their hands.

{To lie on the head of}, to be imputed to. [1913 Webster]

What he gets more of her than sharp words, let it lie on my head. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{To lie over}. (a) To remain unpaid after the time when payment is due, as a note in bank. (b) To be deferred to some future occasion, as a resolution in a public deliberative body.

{To lie to} (Naut.), to stop or delay; especially, to head as near the wind as possible as being the position of greatest safety in a gale; -- said of a ship. Cf. {To bring to}, under {Bring}.

{To lie under}, to be subject to; to suffer; to be oppressed by.

{To lie with}. (a) To lodge or sleep with. (b) To have sexual intercourse with. (c) To belong to; as, it lies with you to make amends. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lying — • As defined by St. Thomas Aquinas, a statement at variance with the mind Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Lying     Lying     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lying — Ly ing, p. pr. & vb. n. of {Lie}, to be supported horizontally. [1913 Webster] {Lying panel} (Arch.), a panel in which the grain of the wood is horizontal. [R.] {Lying to} (Naut.), having the sails so disposed as to counteract each other. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lying — pres part of lie Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. lying I …   Law dictionary

  • Lying — Ly ing, p. pr. & vb. n. of {Lie}, to tell a falsehood. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lying — mendacious, untruthful, *dishonest, deceitful Analogous words: *false, wrong: deceptive, *misleading, delusive, delusory Antonyms: truthtelling Contrasted words: honest, just, *upright, conscientious, scrupulous, honorable: candid, * …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • lying — [adj] dishonest committing perjury, deceitful, deceptive, delusive, delusory, dissembling, dissimulating, double crossing*, doubledealing*, equivocating, false, falsifying, fibbing, guileful, inventing, mendacious, misleading, misrepresenting,… …   New thesaurus

  • lying — lying1 [lī′iŋ] vi. prp. of LIE1 lying2 [lī′iŋ] vt., vi. prp. of LIE2 adj. false; not truthful n. the telling of a lie or lies SYN. DISHONEST …   English World dictionary

  • Lying — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Lying Produktionsland USA …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • lying — Philosophical discussions embrace the usage according to which a lie is the deliberate utterance of a falsehood, with the intent to deceive or mislead an audience. Saying something false inadvertently, or saying something false knowing that the… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • lying — {{11}}lying (1) early 13c., action of LIE (Cf. lie) (v.2) to recline. Lying in being in childbed is attested from mid 15c. {{12}}lying (2) c.1300 (n.), action of LIE (Cf. lie) (v.1) to tell an untruth …   Etymology dictionary

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