Lord Bacon
Bacon Bacon, Francis Bacon Francis Baconprop. n. Francis Bacon. A celebrated English philosopher, jurist, and statesman, son of Sir Nicholas Bacon. Born at York House, London, Jan. 22, 1561: died at Highgate, April 9, 1626, created {Baron Verulam} July 12, 1618, and {Viscount St. Albans} Jan. 27, 1621: commonly, but incorrectly, called {Lord Bacon}. He studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, April, 1573, to March, 1575, and at Gray's Inn 1575; became attached to the embassy of Sir Amias Paulet in France in 1576; was admitted to the bar in 1582; entered Parliament in 1584; was knighted in 1603; became solicitor-general in 1607, and attorney-general in 1613; was made a privy councilor in 1616, lord keeper in 1617, and lord chancellor in 1618; and was tried in 1621 for bribery, condemned, fined, and removed from office. A notable incident of his career was his connection with the Earl of Essex, which began in July, 1591, remained an intimate friendship until the fall of Essex (1600-01), and ended in Bacon's active efforts to secure the conviction of the earl for treason. (See Essex.) His great fame rests upon his services as a reformer of the methods of scientific investigation; and though his relation to the progress of knowledge has been exaggerated and misunderstood, his reputation as one of the chief founders of modern inductive science is well grounded. His chief works are the "Advancement of Learning," published in English as "The Two Books of Francis Bacon of the Proficience and Advancement of Learning Divine and Human," in 1605; the "Novum organum sive indicia vera de interpretatione naturae," published in Latin, 1620, as a "second part" of the (incomplete) "Instauratio magna"; the "De dignitate et augmentis scientiarum," published in Latin in 1623; "Historia Ventorum" (1622), "Historia Vitae et Mortis" (1623), "Historia Densi et Rari" (posthumously, 1658), "Sylva Sylvarum" (posthumously, 1627), "New Atlantis," "Essays" (1597, 1612, 1625), "De Sapientia Veterum" (1609), "Apothegms New and Old," "History of Henry VII." (1622). Works edited by Ellis, Spedding, and Heath (7 vols. 1857); Life by Spedding (7 vols. 1861, 2 vols. 1878). See Shakspere. --Century Dict. 1906. [PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Bacon — Bacon, Francis Bacon Francis Baconprop. n. Francis Bacon. A celebrated English philosopher, jurist, and statesman, son of Sir Nicholas Bacon. Born at York House, London, Jan. 22, 1561: died at Highgate, April 9, 1626, created {Baron Verulam} July …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bacon — (spr. bēkn, Baco), 1) Roger, Mönch, geb. 1214 zu Ilchester in der Grafschaft Somerset, gest. 11. Juni 1294 (1292) in Oxford, studierte in Oxford, erhielt in Paris die theologische Doktorwürde, kehrte 1240 nach Oxford zurück, trat in den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bacon, Francis, Viscount Saint Alban (or Albans), Baron of Verulam — ▪ British author, philosopher, and statesman Introduction also called (1603–18)  Sir Francis Bacon  born Jan. 22, 1561, York House, London, Eng. died April 9, 1626, London  lord chancellor of England (1618–21). A lawyer, statesman, philosopher,… …   Universalium

  • Bacon (Francis) and man’s two-faced kingdom — Francis Bacon and man’s two faced kingdom Antonio Pérez Ramos Two closely related but distinct tenets about Bacon’s philosophy have been all but rejected by contemporary historiography. The first is Bacon’s attachment to the so called British… …   History of philosophy

  • BACON, SIR NICHOLAS —    the father of Francis, Lord Bacon, Privy Councillor and Keeper of the Great Seal under Queen Elizabeth; a prudent and honourable man and minister, and much honoured and trusted by the queen (1510 1579) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal — Thomas Cromwell, 1. Earl of Essex Der Lordsiegelbewahrer (Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal oder kurz Lord Privy Seal) ist eines der ältesten Ämter in der englischen bzw. britischen Regierung. Ursprünglich war der Lordsiegelbewahrer für das private… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lord Privy Seal — Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal Thomas Cromwell, 1. Earl of Essex Der Lordsiegelbewahrer (Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal oder kurz Lord Privy Seal) ist eines der ältesten Ämter in der englischen bzw. britischen Regierung. Ursprünglich war der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lord Siegelbewahrer — Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal Thomas Cromwell, 1. Earl of Essex Der Lordsiegelbewahrer (Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal oder kurz Lord Privy Seal) ist eines der ältesten Ämter in der englischen bzw. britischen Regierung. Ursprünglich war der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bacon's Rebellion — Bacon’s Rebellion, auch bekannt als Virginia Rebellion, war eine 1676 von Nathaniel Bacon in der britischen Kolonie Virginia geführte Rebellion gegen den Gouverneur Sir William Berkeley. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Nathaniel Bacon 2 Gouverneur Berkeley… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BACON (chancelier F.) — La philosophie de Bacon représente une des grandes ruptures avec la scolastique. Après Thomas More et Montaigne, qu’il admire, avant Descartes qui le lira et reprendra plusieurs de ses idées, Bacon cherche à dégager la connaissance humaine de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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