Long roll
Roll Roll, n. [F. r[^o]le a roll (in sense 3), fr. L. rotulus ? little wheel, LL., a roll, dim. of L. rota a wheel. See {Roll}, v., and cf. {R[^o]le}, {Rouleau}, {Roulette}.] 1. The act of rolling, or state of being rolled; as, the roll of a ball; the roll of waves. [1913 Webster]

2. That which rolls; a roller. Specifically: (a) A heavy cylinder used to break clods. --Mortimer. (b) One of a set of revolving cylinders, or rollers, between which metal is pressed, formed, or smoothed, as in a rolling mill; as, to pass rails through the rolls. [1913 Webster]

3. That which is rolled up; as, a roll of fat, of wool, paper, cloth, etc. Specifically: (a) A document written on a piece of parchment, paper, or other materials which may be rolled up; a scroll. [1913 Webster]

Busy angels spread The lasting roll, recording what we say. --Prior. [1913 Webster] (b) Hence, an official or public document; a register; a record; also, a catalogue; a list. [1913 Webster]

The rolls of Parliament, the entry of the petitions, answers, and transactions in Parliament, are extant. --Sir M. Hale. [1913 Webster]

The roll and list of that army doth remain. --Sir J. Davies. [1913 Webster] (c) A quantity of cloth wound into a cylindrical form; as, a roll of carpeting; a roll of ribbon. (d) A cylindrical twist of tobacco. [1913 Webster]

4. A kind of shortened raised biscuit or bread, often rolled or doubled upon itself. [1913 Webster]

5. (Naut.) The oscillating movement of a vessel from side to side, in sea way, as distinguished from the alternate rise and fall of bow and stern called pitching. [1913 Webster]

6. A heavy, reverberatory sound; as, the roll of cannon, or of thunder. [1913 Webster]

7. The uniform beating of a drum with strokes so rapid as scarcely to be distinguished by the ear. [1913 Webster]

8. Part; office; duty; r[^o]le. [Obs.] --L'Estrange. [1913 Webster]

{Long roll} (Mil.), a prolonged roll of the drums, as the signal of an attack by the enemy, and for the troops to arrange themselves in line.

{Master of the rolls}. See under {Master}.

{Roll call}, the act, or the time, of calling over a list names, as among soldiers.

{Rolls of court}, {of parliament} (or of any public body), the parchments or rolls on which the acts and proceedings of that body are engrossed by the proper officer, and which constitute the records of such public body.

{To call the roll}, to call off or recite a list or roll of names of persons belonging to an organization, in order to ascertain who are present or to obtain responses from those present. [1913 Webster]

Syn: List; schedule; catalogue; register; inventory. See {List}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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