Loath
Loath Loath (l[=o]th), a. [OE. looth, loth, AS. l[=a][eth] hostile, odious; akin to OS. l[=a][eth], G. leid, Icel. lei[eth]r, Sw. led, G. leiden to suffer, OHG. l[=i]dan to suffer, go, cf. AS. l[=i][eth]an to go, Goth. leipan, and E. lead to guide.] 1. Hateful; odious; disliked. [Obs.] --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

2. Filled with disgust or aversion; averse; unwilling; reluctant; as, loath to part. [1913 Webster]

Full loth were him to curse for his tithes. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

Why, then, though loath, yet must I be content. --Shak. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • loath — loath; loath·er; loath·ful; loath·ing; loath·ing·ly; loath·ness; loath·some; loath·some·ly; loath·some·ness; loath·ly; …   English syllables

  • loath — loth [ləuθ US louθ] adj [: Old English; Origin: lath] be loath to do sth formal to be unwilling to do something = ↑reluctant ▪ Sarah was loath to tell her mother what had happened …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • loath — [ louθ ] adjective FORMAL very unwilling to do something: RELUCTANT: loath to do something: Officials are loath to acknowledge the extent of their involvement …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • loath — meaning ‘averse, reluctant’, as in loath to comment, is spelt loath, not loth, and is pronounced lohth (like both). It should be distinguished from the verb loathe meaning ‘to hate’, which is pronounced lohdh. The adjective loathsome, meaning… …   Modern English usage

  • loath — [lōth, lōth] adj. [ME loth < OE lath, hostile, hateful, akin to Ger leid, sorrow (orig. adj.) < IE base * leit , to detest, abhor > Gr aleitēs, sinner] unwilling; reluctant: usually followed by an infinitive [to be loath to depart] SYN.… …   English World dictionary

  • loath — (adj.) O.E. lað hated; hateful; hostile; repulsive, from P.Gmc. *laithaz (Cf. O.S., O.Fris. leth loathsome, O.N. leiðr hateful, hostile, loathed; M.Du. lelijc, Du. leelijk ugly; O.H.G. leid sorrowful, hateful, offensive, grievous, Ger. Leid sor …   Etymology dictionary

  • loath — (also loth) ► ADJECTIVE ▪ reluctant; unwilling: I was loath to leave. ORIGIN Old English, «hostile» …   English terms dictionary

  • loath — index averse, disinclined, disobedient, dissident, hesitant, renitent, restive Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton …   Law dictionary

  • loath — *disinclined, indisposed, averse, hesitant, reluctant Analogous words: *adverse, averse: *antipathetic, unsympathetic, averse Antonyms: anxious Contrasted words: *eager, keen, avid: desiring or desirous, wishing, wanting (see corresponding verbs… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • loath — [adj] against, averse afraid, counter, disinclined, hesitant, indisposed, opposed, reluctant, remiss, resisting, uneager, unwilling; concepts 29,542 Ant. approving, for, unopposed, willing …   New thesaurus

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