Liberty Lib"er*ty (l[i^]b"[~e]r*t[y^]), n.; pl. {Liberties} (-t[i^]z). [OE. liberte, F. libert['e], fr. L. libertas, fr. liber free. See {Liberal}.] 1. The state of a free person; exemption from subjection to the will of another claiming ownership of the person or services; freedom; -- opposed to slavery, serfdom, bondage, or subjection. [1913 Webster]

But ye . . . caused every man his servant, and every man his handmaid whom he had set at liberty at their pleasure, to return, and brought them into subjection. --Jer. xxxiv. 16. [1913 Webster]

Delivered fro the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the sons of God. --Bible, 1551. Rom. viii. 21. [1913 Webster]

2. Freedom from imprisonment, bonds, or other restraint upon locomotion. [1913 Webster]

Being pent from liberty, as I am now. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. A privilege conferred by a superior power; permission granted; leave; as, liberty given to a child to play, or to a witness to leave a court, and the like. [1913 Webster]

4. Privilege; exemption; franchise; immunity enjoyed by prescription or by grant; as, the liberties of the commercial cities of Europe. [1913 Webster]

His majesty gave not an entire county to any; much less did he grant . . . any extraordinary liberties. --Sir J. Davies. [1913 Webster]

5. The place within which certain immunities are enjoyed, or jurisdiction is exercised. [Eng.] [1913 Webster]

Brought forth into some public or open place within the liberty of the city, and there . . . burned. --Fuller. [1913 Webster]

6. A certain amount of freedom; permission to go freely within certain limits; also, the place or limits within which such freedom is exercised; as, the liberties of a prison. [1913 Webster]

7. A privilege or license in violation of the laws of etiquette or propriety; as, to permit, or take, a liberty. [1913 Webster]

He was repeatedly provoked into striking those who had taken liberties with him. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

8. The power of choice; freedom from necessity; freedom from compulsion or constraint in willing. [1913 Webster]

The idea of liberty is the idea of a power in any agent to do or forbear any particular action, according to the determination or thought of the mind, whereby either of them is preferred to the other. --Locke. [1913 Webster]

This liberty of judgment did not of necessity lead to lawlessness. --J. A. Symonds. [1913 Webster]

9. (Manege) A curve or arch in a bit to afford room for the tongue of the horse. [1913 Webster]

10. (Naut.) Leave of absence; permission to go on shore. [1913 Webster]

{At liberty}. (a) Unconfined; free. (b) At leisure.

{Civil liberty}, exemption from arbitrary interference with person, opinion, or property, on the part of the government under which one lives, and freedom to take part in modifying that government or its laws.

{Liberty bell}. See under {Bell}.

{Liberty cap}. (a) The Roman pileus which was given to a slave at his manumission. (b) A limp, close-fitting cap with which the head of representations of the goddess of liberty is often decked. It is sometimes represented on a spear or a liberty pole.

{Liberty of the press}, freedom to print and publish without official supervision.

{Liberty party}, the party, in the American Revolution, which favored independence of England; in more recent usage, a party which favored the emancipation of the slaves.

{Liberty pole}, a tall flagstaff planted in the ground, often surmounted by a liberty cap. [U. S.]

{Moral liberty}, that liberty of choice which is essential to moral responsibility.

{Religious liberty}, freedom of religious opinion and worship. [1913 Webster]

Syn: Leave; permission; license.

Usage: {Liberty}, {Freedom}. These words, though often interchanged, are distinct in some of their applications. Liberty has reference to previous restraint; freedom, to the simple, unrepressed exercise of our powers. A slave is set at liberty; his master had always been in a state of freedom. A prisoner under trial may ask liberty (exemption from restraint) to speak his sentiments with freedom (the spontaneous and bold utterance of his feelings). The liberty of the press is our great security for freedom of thought. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • liberty — lib·er·ty n pl ties 1 a: freedom from external (as governmental) restraint, compulsion, or interference in engaging in the pursuits or conduct of one s choice to the extent that they are lawful and not harmful to others b: enjoyment of the rights …   Law dictionary

  • liberty — [ libɛrti ] n. m. inv. • 1892; n. déposé, du nom de l inventeur et de la firme londonienne Liberty ♦ Anglic. Étoffe de coton légère, souvent à dessins ou à petites fleurs, employée dans l ameublement et l habillement. Chemisier en liberty. ●… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Liberty! — The American Revolution is a six hour documentary miniseries about the war mdash;and the instigating factors mdash;that brought about the United States independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain that first aired in 1997. The episodes… …   Wikipedia

  • liberty — [lib′ər tē] n. pl. liberties [ME & OFr liberte < L libertas < liber, free: see LIBERAL] 1. freedom or release from slavery, imprisonment, captivity, or any other form of arbitrary control 2. the sum of rights and exemptions possessed in… …   English World dictionary

  • liberty — / libəti/, it. / liberti/ s. ingl. [dal nome dei magazzini fondati a Londra, nel 1875, da A. Lasenby Liberty, specializzati nella vendita di prodotti dell Estremo Oriente], usato in ital. come agg. e s.m. ■ agg. (artist.) [dello stile diffusosi… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • liberty — (n.) late 14c., free choice, freedom to do as one chooses, from O.Fr. liberté freedom, liberty, free will (14c.), from L. libertatem (nom. libertas) freedom, condition of a free man; absence of restraint; permission, from liber free (see LIBERAL… …   Etymology dictionary

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  • liberty — ► NOUN (pl. liberties) 1) the state of being free from oppression or imprisonment. 2) a right or privilege. 3) the power or scope to act as one pleases. 4) informal a presumptuous remark or action. ● take liberties Cf. ↑ …   English terms dictionary

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