Arithmetic
Arithmetic A*rith"me*tic, n. [OE. arsmetike, OF. arismetique, L. arithmetica, fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?), fr. ? arithmetical, fr. ? to number, fr. ? number, prob. fr. same root as E. arm, the idea of counting coming from that of fitting, attaching. See {Arm}. The modern Eng. and French forms are accommodated to the Greek.] 1. The science of numbers; the art of computation by figures. [1913 Webster]

2. A book containing the principles of this science. [1913 Webster]

{Arithmetic of sines}, trigonometry.

{Political arithmetic}, the application of the science of numbers to problems in civil government, political economy, and social science.

{Universal arithmetic}, the name given by Sir Isaac Newton to algebra. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • Arithmetic — tables for children, Lausanne, 1835 Arithmetic or arithmetics (from the Greek word ἀριθμός, arithmos “number”) is the oldest and most elementary branch of mathematics, used b …   Wikipedia

  • arithmetic — [ə rith′mə tik; ] for adj. [, ar΄ith met′ik, er΄ith met′ik] n. [ME arsmetrike < OFr arismetrique (infl. in form by L ars metrica, the art of measurement) < L arithmetica < Gr ( hē) arithmētikē (technē), (the) counting (art) <… …   English World dictionary

  • arithmetic — ► NOUN 1) the branch of mathematics concerned with the properties and manipulation of numbers. 2) the use of numbers in counting and calculation. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to arithmetic. DERIVATIVES arithmetical adjective arithmetically adverb… …   English terms dictionary

  • arithmetic — (n.) mid 13c., arsmetike, from O.Fr. arsmetique (12c.), from L. arithmetica, from Gk. arithmetike (tekhne) (the) counting (art), fem. of arithmetikos of or for reckoning, arithmetical, from arithmos number, counting, amount, from PIE root *re(i)… …   Etymology dictionary

  • arithmetic — [n] mathematics addition, calculation, computation, division, estimation, figuring, multiplication, reckoning, subtraction; concepts 349,764 …   New thesaurus

  • arithmetic — arithmetically, adv. n. /euh rith meuh tik/; adj. /ar ith met ik/, n. 1. the method or process of computation with figures: the most elementary branch of mathematics. 2. Also called higher arithmetic, theoretical arithmetic. the theory of… …   Universalium

  • arithmetic — (The noun is pronounced [[t]ərɪ̱θmɪtɪk[/t]]. The adjective is pronounced [[t]æ̱rɪθme̱tɪk[/t]].) 1) N UNCOUNT Arithmetic is the part of mathematics that is concerned with the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of numbers.… …   English dictionary

  • arithmetic — ar|ith|met|ic1 [ ə rıθmətık ] noun uncount * 1. ) the part of mathematics that involves basic calculations such as adding or multiplying numbers: He s very good at arithmetic. 2. ) the process of doing a calculation: I m not sure my arithmetic is …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • arithmetic — I UK [əˈrɪθmətɪk] / US noun [uncountable] * 1) the part of mathematics that involves basic calculations such as adding or multiplying numbers He s very good at arithmetic. 2) the process of doing a calculation I m not sure my arithmetic is… …   English dictionary

  • arithmetic — n. & adj. n. 1 a the science of numbers. b one s knowledge of this (have improved my arithmetic). 2 the use of numbers; computation (a problem involving arithmetic). adj. (also arithmetical) of or concerning arithmetic. Phrases and idioms:… …   Useful english dictionary

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